Generic Uroxatral is used for treating symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate. It may also be used for certain conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Alfuzosin.
Generic Uroxatral is an alpha-blocker. It works by blocking receptors in the lower urinary tract, causing smooth muscles in the bladder neck and prostate to relax. This relaxation improves urine flow and reduces the symptoms of BPH.
Generic name of Generic Uroxatral is Alfuzosin.
Brand name of Generic Uroxatral is Uroxatral.
Take Generic Uroxatral by mouth with food. Take with meal every day.
Swallow Generic Uroxatral whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
Take Generic Uroxatral on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Uroxatral and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.
The most common side effects associated with Uroxatral are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are allergic to Generic Uroxatral components.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Uroxatral can harm your baby.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you have moderate to severe liver disease.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are taking an alpha-blocker (e.g., prazosin), an azole antifungal (e.g., ketoconazole), or an HIV protease inhibitor (eg, ritonavir).
Sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning.
Avoid situations in which injury could occur due to fainting.
Keep Generic Uroxatral away from children and don't give it to other people for using.
Do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of alfuzosin treatment on rate and time of stone expulsion in patients with uncomplicated distal ureteral stones.
Intraduodenal administration of Alf, but not Dox, selectively decreased the urethral pressure elevated by electric stimulation. The uroselectivity of i.d. Alf was not due to the species difference in its bioavailability and biotransformation.
Nine hundred fifty-three patients, 42 to 89 years old, with a baseline PVR volume between 50 and 350 mL (mean 106 mL) were enrolled in 11 double-blind controlled studies and received either alfuzosin (n = 607) or placebo (n = 346) for 1 to 6 months. The relationships between the baseline PVR volume measured by transabdominal ultrasound and age, symptoms, maximum flow rate (Qmax), estimated bladder capacity, and prostate-specific antigen level were assessed. The changes in the PVR volume with treatment were evaluated in all available patients at three endpoints (1, 3, and 6 months).
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To describe a case of acute urinary retention due to bladder hypotonia during ranolazine treatment.
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Oral administration of alfuzosin leads to a high diffusion of the drug into the prostate of BPH patients.
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Alfuzosin rarely causes hepatotoxicity; however, clinicians must be alert for this adverse effect while using alfuzosin.
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Alfuzosin improves the patient discomfort associated with ureteral stents by decreasing urinary symptoms and kidney pain but it does not affect the amount of narcotics that patients use while the stent is in place.
To compare the pharmacologic properties of tamsulosin and alfuzosin in isolated prostatic and iris dilator smooth muscle from pigmented rabbits.
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This study provided the evidence that alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist terazosin may have a therapeutic potential in the treatment of advanced androgen-independent prostate cancer.
Sexuality is an essential aspect of a couple's relationship and has a significant impact on life satisfaction. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition that commonly affects older men and is often associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunction. Men with moderate-to-severe LUTS are at increased risk for sexual dysfunction, including moderate-to-severe erectile dysfunction (ED), ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD), and hypoactive desire (HD). The results of several recent large-scale studies have shown a consistent and strong relationship between LUTS and both ED and EjD. It appears that the pathophysiological mechanisms of LUTS and the related prostatic enlargement of BPH as well as certain treatments for this condition may have an impact on both the erection and ejaculation components of the sexual response. Validated questionnaires that assess sexual function provide clinicians with valuable information to help guide treatment selection decisions. Effective medical therapies for LUTS associated with BPH include alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor antagonists (i.e., alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin, and terazosin) and 5alpha-reductase inhibitors (i.e., finasteride and dutasteride). The side effects of these medications, including sexual dysfunction, are important distinguishing features. The successful management of patients with LUTS associated with BPH should include assessments of sexual function and monitoring of medication-related sexual side effects. For men with LUTS and sexual dysfunction, an appropriate integrated management approach, based on each patient's symptoms and outcome objectives, is warranted.
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Two placebo-controlled studies involving 588 patients (292 receiving SR alfuzosin 5 mg twice daily and 296 a placebo) were pooled; 51% of the patients were > or = 65 years of age and 43% had associated cardiovascular disease including hypertension and/or were receiving concomitant antihypertensive drugs.
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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition among elderly men. The aim of therapy is to improve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and quality of life (QoL) and to prevent complications.
This paper focuses on the application of a column classification system based on the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven for the characterization of physicochemical properties of core-shell and ultra-high performance liquid chromatographic stationary phases, followed by the verification of the reliability of the obtained column classification in pharmaceutical practice. In the study, 7 stationary phases produced in core-shell technology and 18 ultra-high performance liquid chromatographic columns were chromatographically tested, and ranking lists were built on the FKUL-values calculated against two selected reference columns. In the column performance test, an analysis of alfuzosin in the presence of related substances was carried out using the brands of the stationary phases with the highest ranking positions. Next, a system suitability test as described by the European Pharmacopoeia monograph was performed. Moreover, a study was also performed to achieve a purposeful shortening of the analysis time of the compounds of interest using the selected stationary phases. Finally, it was checked whether methods using core-shell and ultra-high performance liquid chromatographic columns can be an interesting alternative to the high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the analysis of alfuzosin in pharmaceutical practice.
This is a retrospective analysis of observational data from the General Practice Research Database (UK) (GPRD). The cohort contains 4500 patients experiencing BPH or lower urinary tract symptoms strongly suggestive of BPH, aged over 50 years, who were prescribed a 5ARI (finasteride) or an alpha-blocker (alfuzosin, doxazosin, indoramin, prazosin, tamsulosin, terazosin) as their first BPH treatment between 1996 and 1999 inclusive. Cox regression and competing risks analyses, adjusted for age and year of first treatment, followed patients from the start of their first BPH treatment to AUR, catheterisation or surgery, or censoring.
The responses to passive orthostasis (tilt provocation at 60 degrees for 8 min) were measured in normotensive healthy volunteers with finger blood pressure method and whole-body impedance cardiography prior to the administration of the drugs as well as three days after the beginning of the randomised, double-blind medications. The parallel treatments were standard clinically used doses of alpha(1)-blockers alfuzosin (5 mg twice daily, n=10), tamsulosin (0.4 mg once daily, n=10), or placebo (n=11).
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Moderate to severe IFIS can occur in low-risk eyes when epinephrine is omitted from the irrigation bottle. Although both tamsulosin and alfuzosin significantly increase the risk of IFIS compared with patients without prior α1-antagonist intake, severe IFIS statistically was more likely with tamsulosin than with alfuzosin (P = 0.036). Patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia and cataracts requiring a uroselective α1-antagonist may consider trying alfuzosin first.
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To determine the efficacy and safety of the selective alpha(1)-blocker alfuzosin in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and painful ejaculation, compared with those with LUTS only, as painful ejaculation is one of the most prevalent, differentiating and bothersome symptoms in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
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The administration of Alfuzosin XL prior to TWOC following AUR secondary to BPH increases the chance of successful catheter removal. Patients with IPP >10 mm are more likely to fail TWOC on Alfuzosin XL.
3,095 patients with symptomatic BPH were enrolled into a national, multicentric, open, phase IV observational study. The period of active treatment studied (5 mg, twice daily) was 60 days. Safety was assessed by monitoring blood pressure and spontaneous adverse events. Symptoms were assessed using a validated Spanish International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS). Impact of symptoms on health-related quality of life was assessed using the quality of life index (L).
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Alfuzosin provided a significantly higher stone-free rate than the control treatments (RR: 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-2.55; p<0.001), and a shorter stone expulsion time (Weighted mean difference [WMD]: -4.20 d, 95%CI, -6.19 to -2.21; p<0.001), but it has a higher complication rate (RR: 2.02; 95% CI, 1.30-3.15; p<0.01). When Alfuzosin was compared to Tamsulosin, there was no significant difference in terms of stone-free rate (RR: 0.90; 95% CI, 0.79-1.02; p = 0.09) as well as the stone expulsion time (WMD: 0.52 d, 95%CI, -1.61 to 2.64; p = 0.63). The adverse effects of Alfuzosin were similar to those of Tamsulosin (RR: 0.88; 95% CI, 0.61-1.26; p = 0.47).
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Ninety men with AUR due to BPH underwent urinary catheterization and were randomly assigned to treatment groups with tamsulosin 0.4 mg (37 patients), alfuzosin 10 mg (34 patients), and placebo (19 patients). After 4 days of the drug treatment, the catheters were removed, and the patients underwent trial without catheter (TWOC). A TWOC was considered successful if the patient had a voided volume >100 ml and post-void residual urine <200 ml.
Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are one of the most common causes for a consultation with a health care provider, and one of the most common causes of male LUTS is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In recent decades, medical therapy has established itself as viable and cost effective for the majority of men. For the treatment of male LUTS in the United States, the 5 currently available alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers are alfuzosin, doxazosin, silodosin, terazosin, and tamsulosin. alpha-Blockers remain one of the mainstays in the treatment of male LUTS and clinical BPH. They exhibit an early onset of efficacy (within less than 1 week) with regard to both symptoms and flow rate improvement, maintain such improvements in open-label and controlled trials for up to 5 years, and have been shown to prevent symptomatic progression.
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A total of 77 BPH patients over 50 years of age treated with alfuzosin (alpha blocker) were enrolled prospectively. The study included only patients with BPH of 40 g or less. The patients were classified into two groups depending on the presence of IPP at baseline: the IPP group (41 patients) and the non-IPP group (36 patients). Prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), International Prostate Symptom Score and quality of life (IPSS/QoL), maximum flow rate (Qmax), and postvoid residual (PVR) volume were compared between the groups. The clinical significance of IPP was evaluated after the patients had been taking alfuzosin for 8 weeks.
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Indirect comparison of data derived from the placebo-controlled studies involving 6,333 patients and the data derived from the direct comparative studies involving 507 patients demonstrate that all alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists (alfuzosin, terazosin, doxazosin and tamsulosin) produce comparable improvements in LUTS and urinary flow. Total symptom score is in general improved by 30-40% and Qmax by 16-25%. The difference between currently available alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists is related to their side effect profile. Alfuzosin (especially the sustained release formulation) and tamsulosin (modified release formulation 0.4 mg) seem to be better tolerated than terazosin and doxazosin. The percentage of patients that withdrew due to bothersome side effects with alfuzosin and tamsulosin 0.4 mg was comparable to that with placebo (about 4-10%) whereas in the terazosin and doxazosin studies an additional 4-10% of patients dropped out because they did not tolerate the therapy. Tamsulosin has less effect on blood pressure than alfuzosin (especially in elderly patients) and causes less symptomatic orthostatic hypotension during orthostatic stress testing than terazosin.
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To determine the prevalence of ejaculatory dysfunction in patients with HBP undergoing alpha-blocker therapy. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the effect of different drugs on normal ejaculation and the relationship of dysfunction degree to prognostic factors and BPH severity.
After 6 months of treatment an improvement of the mean intensity of each of the urinary symptoms were statistically significant (p < 0.005). Also, the mean score of each of the analyzed variables and of the I-PSS global score were reduced significantly (p < 0.005). After 6 months of treatment the effectiveness evaluated by the observer was good or very good for the 88.5% of the patients. Treatment compliance was very good; from the 911 patients finishing the study, 96.4% continued with the initially prescribed treatment. Just 16 patients (3%) developed adverse events; measures undertaken were to modify the dosage or to interrupt the treatment (2 cases). The specific study of cardiovascular adverse events showed a mild reduction in the systolic (142 mmHg versus 137.86 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (83.53 mmHg) versus 80.72 mmHg), and the heart rate (76.80 l/m versus 76.04 l/m). The mean score of sexual life showed an improvement in all the items studied, although very slight.
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