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Urispas (Flavoxate)
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Urispas

Generic Urispas is a top-class remedy which is taken in treatment and termination of serious diseases as prostate, bladder, and kidneys infections and its symptoms as troublesome urination (frequent, painful), urinary urgency, pubic area pain. Generic Urispas can also be helpful in prevention of urinary tract spasms. Generic Urispas acts as an anti-inary tract infection remedy.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Toviaz, Levsin, Enablex, Vesicare, Detrol

 

Also known as:  Flavoxate.

Description

Generic Urispas is gotten by pharmacy experts to battle with dangerous infections (infection of bladder, urinary tract, prostate, and kidneys infections) and its bothersome symptoms. Target of Generic Urispas is to control, terminate bacteria relaxing muscles which are responsible for urination.

Generic Urispas acts as an anti-urinary tract infection remedy. Generic Urispas operates by killing bacteria relaxing muscles which are responsible for urination.

Urispas is also known as Flavoxate.

Generic Urispas can be used in combination with antibiotics.

Generic Urispas cannot be given to children under 12 years.

Generic name of Generic Urispas is Flavoxate Hydrochloride.

Brand name of Generic Urispas is Urispas.

Dosage

Generic Urispas is available in tablets (200 mg) and liquid forms.

You should take it with water by mouth.

For each treatment Generic Urispas has different dosage instructions.

It is better to take Generic Urispas 3-4 times a day with meals or without it.

It is better to take Generic Urispas tablets every day at the same time with meals. Its liquid forms are taken with meals or without it.

Generic Urispas cannot be given to children under 12 years.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Urispas suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Urispas and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Urispas are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Urispas if you are allergic to Generic Urispas components.

Be careful with Generic Urispas if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Generic Urispas cannot be given to children under 12 years.

Do not take Generic Urispas in case of having urinary tract blockage, abdominal bleeding, muscle relaxation problems, intestinal or stomach blockage.

Be careful with Generic Urispas in case of having stomach or kidneys obstructive disease, paralytic ileus, intestines, ulcers, glaucoma.

Use Generic Urispas with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid machine driving.

Do not stop take it suddenly.

urispas and alcohol

The new flavone derivative REC 15/2053, a compound with spasmolytic activity on the lower urinary tract, was examined for its in vitro interaction with alpha- and beta-noradrenergic receptors, dopaminergic, muscarinic, serotoninergic, and opiate receptors, and calcium-channel binding sites labeled with 1,4-dihydropyridines from normal rat brain. All the investigated receptors are directly or indirectly involved in the nervous control of the lower urinary tract functions. The activity of REC 15/2053 on these receptors was studied in comparison to the most common drugs used in the management of urinary bladder disorders such as flavoxate, emepronium bromide, oxybutynin, terodiline, and imipramine. REC 15/2053 showed only weak binding to [3H]nitrendipine sites (IC50 = 14 microM) and muscarinic receptors (IC50 = 18 microM), whereas flavoxate was slightly active only at muscarinic receptors (IC50 = 12.2 microM). Emepronium bromide, oxybutynin, and terodiline were active only at muscarinic receptors, with IC50 values of 236, 5.4, and 588 nM, respectively. Oxybutynin showed a weak affinity to [3H]nitrendipine binding sites (IC50 = 44.4 microM). Imipramine was active at alpha 1-adrenergic and muscarinic receptors (IC50 = 248 and 653 nM, respectively). The activity of REC 15/2053 at muscarinic receptors and 1,4-dihydropyridine binding sites seems too low to account for its mechanism of action.

urispas tablet uses

Physical examination, liver function tests, serology tests, autoantibody tests, genetic analysis of the TATA box of the UGT1A1 gene, ultrasonography and CT scan; MRI cholangiography; liver biopsy.

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The purpose of this study was to compare the effect on urodynamic parameters of anticholinergic and musculotropic agents in sham injured and spinal cord injured (SCI) rats. A standard rat SCI model induced by impact trauma was employed. Cystometrograms were performed under urethane anesthesia four weeks after SCI. Bladder capacity and voiding pressure were determined at the point of micturition monitored urodynamically and visually. The effect of oxybutynin chloride (0.01-0.1 mg/kg), propantheline bromide (0.05-0.5 mg/kg) and flavoxate hydrochloride (0.1-1.0 mg/kg) were assessed independently in sham injured and SCI rats (n = 10 in each group). Bladder capacities were 0.6 +/- 0.2 and 7.1 +/- 1.6 ml in sham and SCI rats (p < 0.01), respectively. Maximal filling pressure was 17.5 +/- 5 mmHg in sham and 25 +/- 5 mmHg in SCI rats (p < 0.05). Bladder capacity increased with all three medications. Administration of oxybutynin, propantheline and flavoxate in sham rats resulted in bladder capacities of 0.88 +/- 0.3, 0.71 +/- 0.3 and 0.8 +/- 0.2 ml, respectively (p < 0.01). In SCI rats, these drugs resulted in bladder capacities of 9.8 +/- 1.1, 7.9 +/- 1.3 and 8.8 +/- 2.0 ml, respectively (p < 0.01). No significant change in maximum filling pressure occurred. We conclude that anticholinergic and musculotropic agents caused a similar increase in bladder capacity in both sham and SCI rats. Oxybutynin enhanced bladder capacity more than propantheline or flavoxate.

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Randomised or quasi-randomised trials of bladder training for the treatment of any type of urinary incontinence.

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NS-21 is under development for the treatment of urinary frequency and urinary incontinence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of NS-21 and its active metabolite, RCC-36, on lower urinary tract function in an experimental rat model of urinary frequency.

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Injection of carbachol or flavoxate (0.3 microM each) into the RPRF abolished bladder contraction but there was no change after injection of physiological saline or propiverine. Intravenous injection of flavoxate or propiverine (0.1 to 10 mg/kg each) inhibited bladder contraction. Amino acid analysis revealed that injection of carbachol into the RPRF increased glutamate and glycine levels in the lumbosacral cord, while injection of flavoxate into the RPRF or intravenously caused an increase in glycine the lumbosacral cord. Injection of propiverine into the RPRF or intravenously did not influence lumbosacral cord amino acid levels.

urispas drug classification

All randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing anticholinergic drugs with other drugs for the treatment of overactive bladder symptoms. At least one arm of the study used an anticholinergic drug and at least one other arm used a non-anticholinergic drug.

urispas recommended dose

While there is no evidence to suggest the use of flavoxate in the treatment of OAB, both oxybutynin and propiverine appear efficacious and safe. Propiverine shows a better tolerability profile than oxybutynin. Both drugs improve HRQoL of patients affected by OAB. Profiles of each drug and dosage differ and should be considered in making treatment choices.

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In PV patients, the treatment with NSAI compounds was effective when it was enable to produce multiple positive effects, mainly through TRUS changes.

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The effects of clenbuterol, a selective beta 2-agonist, on isolated smooth muscle preparations from the rabbit bladder body, bladder base and proximal urethra have been investigated. The inhibitory effects on resting tension and acetylcholine- and field stimulation-induced contractions in the bladder body were compared with those of flavoxate, atropine, and verapamil. Clenbuterol (10(-10)-10(-7) M) had a strong, concentration-dependent relaxant effect on resting tension of the bladder body, and the relaxant effect was antagonized by propranolol. However, clenbuterol had little effect on the bladder base or proximal urethra. Isoproterenol, a non-selective beta agonist, gave a similar result, but was less potent than clenbuterol. Flavoxate failed to reduce the resting tension, but rather enhanced the spontaneous rhythmic contraction in a concentration-dependent manner. Atropine had little effect. Verapamil produced a concentration-dependent relaxation in the bladder body. Acetylcholine-induced contraction in the bladder body was completely inhibited by pretreatment with atropine (10(-7) M). Clenbuterol, flavoxate, and verapamil concentration-dependently inhibited acetylcholine-induced contraction. Field stimulation-induced contraction in the bladder body was not completely inhibited by atropine. However, the residual contraction was completely inhibited by tetrodotoxin. Clenbuterol, flavoxate, and verapamil concentration-dependently inhibited field stimulation-induced contraction. The inhibitory effects of clenbuterol and verapamil were antagonized by an application of propranolol and an increase in external Ca, respectively. The data suggest that the selective relaxant effect of clenbuterol on the bladder body is due to beta 2-antagonistic action, resulting in the inhibition of the contractile response to acetylcholine or field stimulation. Also, its response was different from that of the other drugs used.

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We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group trials register (January 2003). The reference lists of relevant articles were searched, and trialists contacted for details of other trials. Date of the most recent search: January 2003.

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To assess the effects of bladder training for the treatment of urinary incontinence.

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Majority of Indian population is dependent on general practitioners (GPs) for medical services at primary care level in India. They are most preferred and considered to be first contact person for medical services at primary care level. But advances in medical science has put more emphasis on specialist culture and average Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) graduates who are working as general physician are gradually feeling themselves less competent because they are less exposed to latest advances in treatment of diseases. Amidst such scenario, Christian Medical College (CMC) has come up with an idea: "The refer less and resolve more initiative". It has started a decentralized 2-year family medicine distance diploma course (Postgraduate Diploma in Family Medicine (PGDFM)) now accredited by Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, that trains the GPs to become family medicine specialist.

urispas reviews

Two reviewers assessed the identified studies for eligibility and methodological quality and independently extracted data from the included studies. Data analysis was performed using RevMan software (version 4.2.8).

urispas drug uses

We assessed 73 reports of 36 potentially relevant trials; 28 reports of ten trials were eligible for inclusion with a total of 1366, predominantly female, participants. Not all participants' with overactive bladder, in five trials had urinary incontinence. Data from five trials with 467 participants, all female, are therefore included in the review. The quality of trials was variable. Few data describing long term follow up are available.Is bladder training better than no bladder training? Data were available for 149 women from two trials comparing bladder training with no bladder training. These described only a limited number of prespecified outcomes, which varied across the two trials. Point estimates of effect favoured bladder training however confidence intervals were wide and no statistically significant differences were found for primary outcome variables.Is bladder training better than other treatments? Only two trials including 125 women compared bladder training with drugs: one with oxybutynin and one with imipramine plus flavoxate. In the former trial the only outcomes demonstrating a statistically significant difference were participant's perception of cure at six months (RR 1.69; 95% CI 1.21 to 2.34) and adverse events (RR 0.03; 95% CI 0.00 to 0.44), both favouring bladder training. In the latter trial participant's perception of cure immediately after treatment just achieved statistical significance (RR 1.50; 95% CI 1.02 to 2.21) favouring bladder training, and this difference was maintained at approximately two months post treatment. One comparison of bladder training with pelvic floor muscle training plus biofeedback included 132 women: none of the differences in the primary outcomes achieved statistical significance.Is combining bladder training with another treatment better than that other treatment alone? One trial compared pelvic floor muscle training plus biofeedback supplemented with bladder training versus pelvic floor muscle training plus biofeedback alone and included 125 women. Of the primary outcomes both participants' perception of improvement and quality of life, both immediately after treatment, achieved statistical significance, favouring the bladder training combined with pelvic floor muscle training and biofeedback group (perception of improvement: RR 1.18; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.39; quality of life: MD -47.20; 95% CI -87.03 to -7.37), this was not sustained at three months.

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In sham-operated rats, NS-21 (> or = 50 mg/kg) significantly increased the bladder capacity without significantly decreasing micturition pressure, while RCC-36 (100 mg/kg) significantly increased bladder capacity, and at a dose of > or = 30 mg/kg, also caused a decrease in micturition pressure. This increase in bladder capacity appeared at lower doses of both NS-21 and RCC-36 in the hypogastric nerve-transected rats. Propiverine (100 mg/kg) increased bladder capacity and at > or = 30 mg/kg, decreased micturition pressure in both sham-operated and nerve-transected rats. Oxybutynin (100 mg/kg) and atropine (30 mg/kg) decreased the micturition pressure in both sham-operated and nerve-transected rats without increasing the bladder capacity, while a similar anticholinergic calcium antagonist, terodiline (100 mg/kg) had no effect on bladder capacity in either sham-operated or nerve-transected rats. Flavoxate (500 mg/kg) significantly increased bladder capacity without significantly decreasing micturition pressure in both sham-operated and nerve-transected rats, while 50 mg/kg of verapamil significantly increased bladder capacity without significantly decreasing the micturition pressure in nerve-transected rats.

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A 65-year-old woman with adult Still's disease developed adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a fatal pulmonary complication. Intravenous administration of cyclophosphamide, 500 mg/d for three days, was much more effective than high doses of corticosteroids in the patient. Interestingly, hypersensitivity to flavoxate hydrochloride seemed to be a precipitating factor, but not a cause, for both a series of characteristic manifestations of adult Still's disease and development of ARDS in our patient. The association of ARDS with adult Still's disease has not yet been reported. Physicians should be aware of this fatal complication in adult Still's disease, especially in the presence of drug hypersensitivities.

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Mirabegron, darifenacin, fesoterodine, flavoxate, oxybutynin ER or immediate-release (IR), propiverine, solifenacin, tolterodine ER or IR, and trospium chloride.

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The effects of flavoxate hydrochloride (Bladderon, piperidinoethyl-3-methylflavone-8-carboxylate; hereafter referred as flavoxate) on voltage-dependent nifedipine-sensitive inward Ba(2+) currents in human detrusor myocytes were investigated using a conventional whole-cell patch-clamp. Tension measurement was also performed to study the effects of flavoxate on K(+)-induced contraction in human urinary bladder. Flavoxate caused a concentration-dependent reduction of the K(+)-induced contraction of human urinary bladder. In human detrusor myocytes, flavoxate inhibited the peak amplitude of voltage-dependent nifedipine-sensitive inward Ba(2+) currents in a voltage- and concentration-dependent manner (K(i) = 10 microM), and shifted the steady-state inactivation curve of Ba(2+) currents to the left at a holding potential of -90 mV. Immunohistochemical studies indicated the presence of the alpha(1C) subunit protein, which is a constituent of human L-type Ca(2+) channels (Ca(V)1.2), in the bundles of human detrusor smooth muscle. These results suggest that flavoxate caused muscle relaxation through the inhibition of L-type Ca(2+) channels in human detrusor.

urispas medicine

Randomised trials and cross-over trials (blinded and unblinded) that are either placebo-controlled or comparing two or more treatments.

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urispas tablet usage 2016-09-01

An improved HPLC method was developed for the concentration determination of the metabolite of flavoxate, 3-methyl-flavone-8-carboxylic acid (MFCA), in plasma in an attempt to compare two flavoxate tablet formulations. This HPLC method was validated by examining the precision and the accuracy for inter-day and intra-day runs in a linear concentration range of 0.1-24 microg/ml. The coefficients of variation (C.V.) of inter-day and intra-day assays were 0.24-7.18% and 0.06-5.70%, respectively. The standard errors of mean (S.E.M.) were -0.004-8.68% and -2.52-4.86% for inter-day and intra-day assays, respectively. Bioequivalence of the two formulations was determined on 12 normal healthy male volunteers in a single-dose, two-period, two-sequence, two-treatment crossover study. MFCA plasma concentrations were analyzed with this validated HPLC method. The normal pivotal parameters, AUC(0-last), AUC(0-inf) and Cmax, were calculated and compared using the SAS General Linear Model computer program. The two one-sided t distribution test was also performed, as well as the 90% confidence-interval method, for the mean difference of the three pivotal parameters. The results suggest that these two flavoxate tablet formulations are non-bioequivalent buy urispas when orally administered in a 400-mg dose of two tablets. This result was consistent with the in vitro dissolution of these two formulations.

urispas daily dose 2016-03-03

Flavoxate hydrochloride is an antispasmodic agent which exerts an inhibition of the phosphodiesterases buy urispas , a moderate calcium antagonistic activity, and a local anesthetic effect. Results from preclinical and clinical studies show that flavoxate significantly increases bladder volume capacity (BVC), with greater results if compared to other drugs such as emepronium bromide and propantheline. Moreover in clinical trials, both versus placebo or versus active comparators, flavoxate treatment was associated with a significant improvement in different low urinary tract symptoms, such as diurnal and night frequency, urgency and urinary incontinence, suprapubic pain, dysuria, hesitancy and burning. In addition flavoxate was associated with an overall more favourable safety profile than competitors.

urispas 100 mg 2015-12-20

Canadian guidelines on incontinence have been completed in 2005 reflecting buy urispas the Canadian health environment. This field of UI is in constant progression and, when of proven efficacy, new medications and devices have to be included in the proposed algorithm of care.

urispas generic name 2016-05-03

In rats, the effect of flavoxate on contractile responses in isolated detrusor strips, bladder contraction induced by pelvic nerve stimulation, isovolumetric rhythmic buy urispas bladder contractions, and pelvic nerve activity were examined. In decerebrated cats, flavoxate was microinjected into the nuclei in the pons, and its effect on reflex micturition was observed.

urispas reviews 2017-03-04

The effects of P-4 and its active metabolites, 1-methyl-4-piperidyl diphenylpropoxyacetate N-oxide[P-4(N----O)], 1-methyl-4-piperidyl benzilate N-oxide [DPr-P-4 (N----O)] and 1-methyl-4-piperidyl benzilate hydrochloride (DPr-P-4), on urinary bladder function were investigated in urethane anesthetized rats. By cystometrography, P-4 (2, 4 mg/kg, i.v.) and P-4 (N----O) (4 mg/kg, i.v.), which have direct action on smooth muscles, significantly increased the maximum vesical volume. As for rhythmic bladder contractions, P-4 (1,2,4 mg/kg, i.v.) and P-4 (N----O) (2, 4 mg/kg, i.v.) significantly decreased the frequency with a slight decrease in the amplitude. On the other hand, DPr-P-4 (N----O) (0.1, 0.5 mg/kg, i.v.) and DPr-P-4 (0.01, 0.05 mg/kg, i.v.), which have anticholinergic effects, significantly inhibited the maximum vesical pressure on the cystometrograms, and DPr-P-4 (N----O) (0.1, 0.5 mg/kg, buy urispas i.v.) and DPr-P-4 (0.005, 0.05 mg/kg, i.v.) significantly inhibited the amplitude of the rhythmic bladder contractions. The effects of flavoxate and papaverine were similar to those of P-4 and P-4 (N----O), but the effects of propantheline and atropine were similar to those of DPr-P-4 (N----O) and DPr-P-4 in these two experimental methods. These results suggest that the clinical effects of P-4 are based not only on the actions of P-4 itself but also on those of its active metabolites.

tab urispas d 2016-11-25

Urinary incontinence as a consequence of an insufficient urethral closure mechanism (urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence, USMI) or an impaired storing capacity of the urinary bladder is a considerable side effect of castration in the female dog. Different factors such as breed, body weight and time of spaying have an impact on the risk of urinary incontinence. Loss of urine while the patient is recumbent is the most typical symptom which is first observed at a mean time of 2.8 years after castration. Diagnosis is obtained by excluding other causes, whereas a precise patient history is particularly helpful. Therapy is aimed at increasing buy urispas the closing pressure of the urethra and/or the compliance of the urinary bladder. Usually success can be achieved by medical therapy, thus surgical intervention is normally not required. In addition to urinary incontinence, coat changes can be observed as an undesirable effect of castration in certain dog breeds. To date, the pathophysiology of decreased urethral closing pressure, altered storing function of the urinary bladder and coat changes induced by castration are still not fully understood. Apart from the well-known hypothesis of estrogen deficiency, altered secretion of the hypothalamic and pituitary hormones GnRH, FSH and LH due to castration may have an influence. In addition to a-adrenergic medication, Flavoxate and Estriol, depot formulations of GnRH analogues have been successfully used to treat urinary incontinence. These depot formulations have also been described for the treatment of coat changes due to spaying.

urispas generic 2017-10-02

Two years after revision of the practice guideline 'Urinary incontinence' from the Dutch College of General Practitioners, it is time for a summary of the most important changes. The use of a bladder diary is recommended. In primary care, a stress test does not provide more information than history taking. Routine urodynamic testing is not indicated for patients presenting to their general practitioner with urinary incontinence. Treatment of stress, urge and mixed incontinence can usually be commenced in primary care; pelvic floor exercises and bladder training are preferred. If bladder training is not effective for buy urispas urge incontinence, anticholinergic drugs should be considered. The use of oral and vaginal oestrogens and flavoxate is no longer recommended.

urispas tablet rate 2017-07-21

In order to obtain new analogs of flavoxate endowed with higher stability and possibly higher potency, a new series of basic esters of 2-phenyl-3-methyl-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran-8-carboxylic acid (MFCA) has been prepared and investigated. Derivatives in which the structure of flavoxate was modified by branching buy urispas and lengthening of the estereal alkyl chain were synthesized, together with the conformationally restricted N-piperidinyl derivatives. Esters containing in their structure various alicyclic tertiary amines which are present in natural or synthetic drugs endowed with spasmolytic properties, mainly of anticholinergic nature, were also prepared. The stability in aqueous solution, acute toxicity in mouse, and in vitro spasmolytic properties of the new compounds were investigated in comparison with flavoxate. Based on the results obtained from this screening procedure, 3 compounds were selected for further investigation. In this phase, further pharmacological and stability testing as well as preliminary animal pharmacokinetic investigations were carried out. The obtained results suggested the choice of 1,1-dimethyl-2-(1-piperidinyl)ethyl 2-phenyl-3-methyl-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran-8-carboxylate HCl (Rec 151 2053, terflavoxate, CAS 86433-39-8) as a candidate for preclinical development. The deeper pharmacological characterization of this compound, carried out mainly in comparison with flavoxate, terodiline, and oxybutynin confirmed its good spasmolytic activity.

urispas tab uses 2017-03-26

The effects of HY-770 on micturition reflexes in rats, dogs and cats and urethral pressure in dogs were compared with those of flavoxate.HC1 (flavoxate), terodiline.HCl (terodiline) and oxybutynin.HCl (oxybutynin). 1) HY-770, in intravenous (2 and 4 mg/kg) and intraduodenal (12.5 and 25 mg/kg) administrations, dose-dependently abolished the rhythmic bladder contractions in anesthetized rats. The activity of HY-770, in intravenous administration (i.v.), was almost equal to those of flavoxate, terodiline and oxybutynin; and the activity of HY-770, like terodiline, was more potent than that of flavoxate in intraduodenal administration (i.d.). 2) In the cystometrograms, HY-770 (3, 4 or 8 mg/kg, i.v.) dose-dependently increased the time to micturition (capacity of bladder) without decreasing the amplitude of micturition contraction in anesthetized rats, dogs and cats, and HY-770 (25 mg/kg, i.d.) also increased the capacity in anesthetized cats. 3) HY-770 (4 and 8 mg/kg, i.v.) dose-dependently increased the capacity of the bladder in the cystometrograms of pollakiuria induced by either transection of both buy urispas the hypogastric nerves or chronic cannulation to the bladder in anesthetized or conscious rats, respectively. 4) HY-770 (25 mg/kg, i.d.) slightly decreased the urethral pressure in anesthetized dogs. These results suggest that HY-770 is a promising drug for the treatment of pollakiuria induced by a neurogenic bladder or unstable bladder, etc.

urispas recommended dose 2015-08-10

Cystometrograms were recorded in anesthetized rats with bilaterally transected hypogastric nerves. All buy urispas drugs were administered intraduodenally.

urispas cost 2015-06-01

While there is no evidence to suggest the use of flavoxate in the treatment of OAB, both oxybutynin and propiverine appear efficacious and safe. Propiverine shows a better tolerability profile than oxybutynin. Both drugs improve HRQoL of patients affected by OAB. Profiles of each drug buy urispas and dosage differ and should be considered in making treatment choices.

urispas tablet uses 2017-02-13

Retrospective buy urispas analysis of data of participants in community, hospital or nursing home setting.

urispas drug uses 2017-07-26

A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was proposed for the separation of relative impurities in industrial 3-methylflavone-8-carboxylic acid (MFCA) and its intermediate methyl 3-propionylsalicylate (MPS). Benzoic acid (BA), MPS, 6-chloro-3-methylflavone-8-carboxylic acid (MFCA-Cl) and methyl 5-chloro buy urispas -3-propionylsalicylate (MPS-Cl) in MFCA, and MPS-Cl in MPS were respectively quantified by an external standard method. As results showed, the linearity of standard curves was excellent with the relative coefficients of over 0.999 for all the detected components, and the intra- and inter-day precisions of impurities determination were satisfactory with the relative standard deviation of not more than 8.0%. Under the selected experimental condition, the chromatographic fingerprints of MFCA and MPS were drawn synthetically, and the transfer of impurities in the stepwise reactions of MFCA manufacture was elucidated. The fingerprints have great potential in instructing the production of MFCA for industrial use and in conducting the conversion of relative impurities.

urispas drug class 2016-06-03

This article provides a review of the use of flavoxate hydrochloride in the treatment of urge incontinence. It outlines the pharmacology, mode of action, toxicology and pharmacokinetic studies which have been carried out, and then reviews the clinical studies, including those involving patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy. The effects of dosages of 600-1200 mg/day are compared, particularly regarding safety and tolerability factors. Finally, alternative therapies to flavoxate hydrochloride (alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers, oxybutinin chloride, terodiline hydrochloride, emepronium Levitra Tablet bromide and imipramine) are summarized. The article is written in the knowledge of recent evidence which indicates that flavoxate hydrochloride exhibits only weak anticholinergic activity on receptors involved in the control of the lower urinary tract.

urispas dosage form 2017-03-03

The new flavone derivative REC 15/2053, a compound with spasmolytic activity on the lower urinary Diflucan 50 Mg tract, was examined for its in vitro interaction with alpha- and beta-noradrenergic receptors, dopaminergic, muscarinic, serotoninergic, and opiate receptors, and calcium-channel binding sites labeled with 1,4-dihydropyridines from normal rat brain. All the investigated receptors are directly or indirectly involved in the nervous control of the lower urinary tract functions. The activity of REC 15/2053 on these receptors was studied in comparison to the most common drugs used in the management of urinary bladder disorders such as flavoxate, emepronium bromide, oxybutynin, terodiline, and imipramine. REC 15/2053 showed only weak binding to [3H]nitrendipine sites (IC50 = 14 microM) and muscarinic receptors (IC50 = 18 microM), whereas flavoxate was slightly active only at muscarinic receptors (IC50 = 12.2 microM). Emepronium bromide, oxybutynin, and terodiline were active only at muscarinic receptors, with IC50 values of 236, 5.4, and 588 nM, respectively. Oxybutynin showed a weak affinity to [3H]nitrendipine binding sites (IC50 = 44.4 microM). Imipramine was active at alpha 1-adrenergic and muscarinic receptors (IC50 = 248 and 653 nM, respectively). The activity of REC 15/2053 at muscarinic receptors and 1,4-dihydropyridine binding sites seems too low to account for its mechanism of action.

urispas tablet adalah 2016-09-08

Majority of Indian population is dependent on general practitioners (GPs) for medical services at primary care level in Cozaar Normal Dose India. They are most preferred and considered to be first contact person for medical services at primary care level. But advances in medical science has put more emphasis on specialist culture and average Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) graduates who are working as general physician are gradually feeling themselves less competent because they are less exposed to latest advances in treatment of diseases. Amidst such scenario, Christian Medical College (CMC) has come up with an idea: "The refer less and resolve more initiative". It has started a decentralized 2-year family medicine distance diploma course (Postgraduate Diploma in Family Medicine (PGDFM)) now accredited by Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, that trains the GPs to become family medicine specialist.

urispas medication dosage 2017-11-30

The antispasmodic effects of the flavone compounds flavoxate hydrochloride, 3-methylflavone carboxylic acid (MFCA), and REC 15/2053 (and in the case of the detrusor, oxybutynin), on Cefixime Dosage Forms the human detrusor, prostatic adenoma, prostatic capsule, and bladder neck, were studied by the in vitro isometric method. All the compounds inhibited, in different orders of potency, potassium-induced contractions of the tissues. Flavoxate showed a slightly greater activity than the other two compounds in the prostatic and bladder neck tissues. However, REC 15/2053 displayed greater activity in the detrusor than in the other tissues. The relaxant effect on the prostatic tissues suggests a potential use for these compounds in benign prostatic obstruction.

urispas tablet 2016-04-09

Noradrenaline injection in the medial frontal lobe shortened the interval between bladder contractions. In contrast to the bladder contraction interval before and after noradrenaline injection in the medial frontal lobe, the interval was prolonged after noradrenaline injection when glutamate or flavoxate was injected in the rostral pontine reticular formation, or flavoxate was injected intravenously. Noradrenaline injection in the medial frontal lobe plus intravenous propiverine injection also prolonged the interval compared to that after noradrenaline injection alone. However, the interval after noradrenaline injection in the medial frontal lobe plus Cytoxan Iv Dosage intravenous injection of propiverine was shorter than that before noradrenaline injection only.

flavoxate urispas dosage 2016-03-16

The pharmacological properties of 3-methylflavone-8-carboxylic acid (MFCA), the main metabolite of flavoxate, have been studied in vitro and in vivo. MFCA did not display antispasmodic activity on isolated organs contractions induced by histamine, acetylcholine or CaCl2, nor did it exhibit significant affinity for the rat brain alpha- and beta-adrenergic, serotoninic, muscarinic, D2, opiate and Ca2+ receptors. However, it showed a remarkable phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibiting activity. Moreover in vivo studies indicate an interesting activity of MFCA which inhibited the rat urinary bladder voiding contractions, increased bladder volume capacity and decreased micturition pressure in the rat cystometric recordings. The activity of MFCA in the two in vivo experimental Lopid And Alcohol models, probably related to cAMP-PDE inhibitory properties, suggests that flavoxate's therapeutical potential might be partially sustained by its main metabolite.

urispas dosage adults 2016-03-24

Staurosporine as a protein kinases inhibitor induced cell death or neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells. We investigated the involvement of calcium channel and plasma membrane receptors on staurosporine inducing neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells. PC12 cells were preincubated with NMDA receptor inhibitors (1.8 mM ketamine and 1µM MK801, treatment 1) or L-Type Calcium channels (100 μM nifedipine and 100 µM flavoxate hydrochloride, treatment 2) or calcium-calmoduline kinasses (10 μM trifluoprazine, treatment 3) and nifedipine, MK801, flavoxate hydrochloride and ketamine (treatment4) or without pretreatments (control). Then, the cells were cultured in RPMI culture medium containing 214nM staurosporine for induction of neurite outgrowth. The percentage of Cell cytotoxicity and apoptotic index was assessed. Total neurite length (TNL) and fraction of cell differentiation were assessed. After 24h, the percentage of cell cytotoxicity were increased in treatments 1, 2 and 4 compared with control (p<0.05). After 6h, apoptotic index was similar between all treatments. After 12h, apoptotic index were increased in treatment 4 compared with control (p<0.05). After 24h, apoptotic Glucovance Overdose index were increased in treatments 1, 2 and 4 compared with control (p<0.05). TNL were decreased in treatments 1, 2 and 4 compared with control in different times of assessment (6, 12 and 24 h) (p<0.05). The fraction of cell differentiation were decreased in treatments 1, 2 and 4 compared with control (p<0.05). It can be concluded that the possible involvement of L-type calcium channel and the N-methyl D-aspartate receptor on staurosporine-induced neurite outgrowth process in PC12 cells.

urispas brand name 2016-05-01

The effects of tetraalkylammonium salts and sodium dodecyl sulphate on the migration behaviour of human urinary components and other negatively charged or neutral solutes were investigated. The sulphate acted mainly on hydrophobic and positively charged substances, whereas the ammonium salts acted mainly on negatively charged solutes. By choosing the components of the eluent carefully, the free and conjugate forms of 3-methylflavone-8-carboxylic acid (MFA) in human urine, the major metabolites of flavoxate, could be simultaneously determined without pretreatment, using fenprofen as an internal standard. The calibration curve of MFA was linear in the range 1-50 micrograms/ml and the detection limit was 0.2 microgram/ml, which covered the urine levels encountered in pharmacokinetic studies. The intra-day and inter-day precisions of the method, expressed as the relative standard deviation, were less than 2 and 3%, respectively. This method was successfully applied to an excretion study of MFA in eight healthy volunteers, and the results were in agreement with data in the literature obtained by gas chromatography.

urispas dose 2015-06-18

Pharmacotherapy constitutes an important adjunct to behavioral therapy for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). Tolterodine and oxybutynin are commonly prescribed drugs for OAB treatment that exert their beneficial effect by suppressing bladder muscle contractions. However, high discontinuation rates have been observed for these drugs in clinical trials, as well as in real-world settings, in part due to adverse effects. Extended-release (ER) formulations were introduced with an improved tolerability profile over immediate-release (IR) versions of the 2 drugs. No study has compared persistence and adherence to therapy for both the ER and IR versions of tolterodine and oxybutynin.

urispas tab 2015-03-27

The effects of FL-155, which was synthesized to develop a new orally-active anti-pollakiuria agent, on the rhythmic bladder contractions were studied in anesthetized rats. At a pressure exceeding 10 cm H2O in the bladder, a rhythmic bladder contraction was observed up to at least 120 min. This response was abolished by a spinal (C1 level) cut, cuts of both pelvic nerves, thiopental (3.0 mg/kg, i.v.) or lidocaine (1.0 mg/kg, i.v.); and atropine (0.01 mg/kg, i.v.) strongly inhibited the amplitude of the response. FL-155 and flavoxate, in intravenous (0.3-3.0 mg/kg and 1.0-3.0 mg/kg, respectively) and intraduodenal (12.5-100 mg/kg and 200-400 mg/kg, respectively) administrations, dose-dependently abolished the rhythmic bladder contractions, and FL-155 was 8-16 times more potent than flavoxate in intraduodenal administrations. These results suggest that the rhythmic bladder contraction in anesthetized rat may be a polysynaptic reflex through pelvic nerves and the central nervous system (supraspinal level), and FL-155 appears to be a candidate for an orally active anti-pollakiuria agent.

tab urispas dosage 2016-08-04

Fourteen thousand six hundred thirty-eight subjects with a diagnosis of urinary incontinence made between January 1, 1991, and June 30, 1995; all were aged 65 and older and enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid or the Pharmacy Assistance for the Aged and Disabled programs of New Jersey.

urispas online 2016-09-18

Effects of oxybutynin on the urinary bladder and urethra were studied in comparison with atropine and flavoxate in cats and rabbits. Oxybutynin at 10 mg/kg, i.v., significantly inhibited the bladder contractions induced by electrical stimulation of the peripheral end in pelvic nerve. Oxybutynin was about one half the potency of atropine. On the contrary, 10 mg/kg of flavoxate, i.v., showed both effects of potentiation and inhibition. The bladder contractions induced by acetylcholine (ACh) and AHR-602 were markedly inhibited by oxybutynin and atropine. Oxybutynin was about one-fifteenth the potency of atropine. DMPP-induced contractions were inhibited by oxybutynin and atropine in a high dose, but oxybutynin was about two-fifths the potency of atropine. In addition, 3 mg/kg of oxybutynin, i.v., inhibited the contraction induced by hypogastric nerve stimulation, but 10 mg/kg of oxybutynin, i.v., significantly inhibited this contraction following initial potentiation. Oxybutynin showed an inhibitory effect on spontaneous rhythmical contraction, bladder tone and pelvic nerve discharge, similar to the effects of atropine. On the contrary, flavoxate potentiated this contraction and increased the bladder tone and pelvic and hypogastric nerve discharge. Urethra contractions induced by norepinephrine, ACh and hypogastric nerve stimulation were inhibited by oxybutynin, but not markedly. Oxybutynin and atropine dose-dependently increased the infusion volume, bladder volume capacity and micturition threshold pressure in the cystometrogram in rabbits. Flavoxate also increased them. From these results, it si suggested that oxybutynin is therapeutically a useful agent for pollakisurea nervosa.

urispas 400 mg 2017-10-30

Overactive bladder syndrome is defined as "urgency with or without urge incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia". It is a common condition with significant economic and quality of life implications. While the condition's pathophysiology remains to be fully elucidated, pharmacotherapy is the main treatment option. Despite uncertainty as to drug treatment of choice, anticholinergics are increasingly being used in primary and secondary care settings. This review compares anticholinergic drugs with other types or classes of drugs for treating overactive bladder syndromes.

urispas dosage 2016-02-21

Four polyvinyl chloride (PVC) matrix membrane electrodes responsive to 2 drugs affecting the urogenital system--oxybutynin hydrochloride (OX) and flavoxate hydrochloride (FX)--were developed, described, and characterized. A precipitation-based technique with tungstophosphate (TP) and ammonium reineckate (R) anions as electroactive materials in a PVC matrix with an OX cation was used for electrode 1 and 2 fabrication, respectively. Electrode 3 and 4 fabrication was based on use of the precipitation technique of FX cation with tetrakis (4-chlorophenyl) borate and R anions as electroactive materials. Fast and stable Nernstian responses in the range 1 x 10(-2)-1 x 10(-6) M for the 2 drugs over the pH range 5-8 revealed the performance characteristics of these electrodes, which were evaluated according to International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry recommendations. The method was applied to FX and OX in their pharmaceutical formulations and in human plasma samples. The 4 proposed sensors were found to be specific for the drugs in the presence of up to 60% of their degradation products. Validation of the method according to the quality assurance standards showed suitability of the proposed electrodes for use in the quality control assessment of these drugs. The recoveries for determination of the drugs by the 4 proposed selective electrodes were 99.5 +/- 0.5, 100.0 +/- 0.4, 99.9 +/- 0.4, and 100.1 +/- 0.4% for sensors 1-4, respectively. Statistical comparison between the results obtained by this method and the official method of the drugs was done, and no significant difference found.

tablet urispas d 2016-03-10

The inhibitory effects of flavoxate hydrochloride (piperidinoethyl-3-methylflavone-8-carboxylate; hereafter referred as flavoxate) on voltage-dependent nifedipine-sensitive inward Ba2+ currents (I Ba) in human detrusor myocytes were investigated at different temperatures using conventional whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. When the bath-solution temperature was increased from 22 degrees C to 30 degrees C, I Ba peak amplitude was enhanced by approximately twice at several test potentials. Neither the I Ba threshold nor the membrane potentials for the I Ba maximum peak amplitude was affected by the temperature change. The concentration-response curves of flavoxate at both 30 degrees C (Ki = 5.1 microM) and 37 degrees C (Ki = 4.6 microM) were slightly shifted to the left in comparison with that at 22 degrees C (Ki = 10.3 microM). Similar results were also obtained in the presence of nifedipine (Ki = 14 nM at 22 degrees C vs. Ki = 2.5 nM at 30 degrees C and Ki = 2.1 nM at 37 degrees C). Altering the bath-solution temperature from 22 degrees C to 30 degrees C shifted the steady-state inactivation curve of I Ba at -90 mV to the left. At 30 degrees C, the steady-state inactivation curve of I Ba in the presence of flavoxate was also shifted to the left in comparison with that in the absence of flavoxate. Either 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) or theophylline, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, caused little effects on I Ba, although cyclic nucleotides (dibutyryl cAMP and 8-Br-cGMP) inhibited I Ba. These results suggest that the inhibitory actions of flavoxate on I Ba in human detrusor myocytes were slightly changed at different experimental temperatures and that flavoxate directly blocked voltage-dependent L-type Ca2+ channels, not through the inhibition of phosphodiesterase activity pathway.