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Topamax (Topiramate)
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Topamax

Generic Topamax is a medication of high quality, which is taken in treatment of seizures in people with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and epilepsy. It can also be used to prevent migraine and infantile spasms. Generic Topamax is acting by reducing brain agitation.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Neurontin, Depakote, Lamictal, Tegretol

 

Also known as:  Topiramate.

Description

Generic Topamax target is the treatment of seizures in people with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and epilepsy. It can also be used to prevent migraine and infantile spasms.

Generic Topamax is acting by reducing brain agitation. It is anticonvulsant.

Topamax is also known as Topiramate, Topaz.

Generic name of Generic Topamax is Topiramate.

Brand name of Generic Topamax is Topamax.

Dosage

Take it orally at the same time every day, with or without food.

Generic Topamax can be taken twice a day (in the morning and in the evening).

Avoid low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet.

Elderly people should be very careful with Generic Topamax.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Topamax suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Topamax and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Topamax overdosage: feeling drowsy, problems with a speech, blurred vision, double vision, fatigue, lack of coordination, lack of consciousness, lightheadedness, pain of stomach, dyspepsia, vomiting, extreme hunger, agitation, depression, dyspnoea, confusion, decreased appetite, weakness of muscle, pain of bone, convulsion, coma.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Topamax are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Topamax if you are allergic to Generic Topamax components.

Do not take Generic Topamax if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding.

Be careful if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Be careful if you are taking ipratropium (such as Atrovent); motion sickness, irritable bowel disease, mental illness, urinary problems, Parkinson's disease, ulcers medicines; oral contraceptives; methazolamide; seizures medicines (carbamazepine (such as Tegretol), phenytoin (such as Phenytek, Dilantin); metformin (such as Glucophage); iron; salicylate pain relievers (such as choline salicylate (such as Arthropan), aspirin, choline magnesium trisalicylate (such as Trisalate), diflunisal (such as Dolobid), magnesium salicylate (such as Doan's); dichlorphenamide (such as Daranide); digoxin (such as Digitek, Lanoxin); zonisamide (such as Zonegran); tranquilizers; acetazolamide (such as Diamox); valproic acid (such as Depakote, Depakene); cholestyramine (such as Questran); sedatives; antidepressants; isoniazid (such as Nydrazid, INH); antihistamines, salsalate (such as Salgesic, Argesic, Disalcid), sleeping pills.

Be careful if you have lung, kidney or liver disease, diabetes, glaucoma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, nearsightedness, diarrhea, metabolic acidosis, kidney stones.

Avoid low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet.

Avoid being dehydrated.

Elderly people should be very careful with Generic Topamax.

Be careful with Generic Topamax if you are going to have a surgery (dental or other).

If you experience drowsiness and dizziness while taking Generic Topamax you should avoid any activities such as driving or operating machinery.

To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control because hormonal birth control pills may not work as well while you are using Generic Topamax.

Avoid alcohol while taking Generic Topamax.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Topamax taking suddenly.

topamax medication uses

Topiramate, a new antiepileptic drug effective in controlling partial-onset seizures, was administered to humans for the first time as single oral doses of 100 mg, 200 mg, 400 mg, 800 mg, and 1,200 mg in a phase I safety and pharmacokinetic study. Model-independent pharmacokinetic data analysis was performed on plasma concentration and renal excretion data for topiramate. Maximum plasma concentrations (Cmax) were observed between 1.4 and 4.3 hours after administration. Mean values for plasma Cmax and area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) increased linearly with dose; however, a greater-than-proportional increase in both parameters was observed, probably due to saturable binding of the drug to erythrocytes. Mean oral clearance (Cl/F) was 22.5 to 36.1 mL/min and mean volume of distribution (Vd/F) was 38.5 to 58.0 L. Approximately 50% of the dose was excreted renally and cumulative urinary excretion increased linearly and proportionally over the 200 mg to 1,200 mg dose range. Elimination half-life (t1/2) values calculated from plasma (21.5 hrs) and urinary data (18.5 hrs) were consistent and independent of dose. Intersubject variability was low for all parameters. Renal clearance was 13.9 mL/min, suggesting that renal tubular reabsorption may be prominently involved in the renal handling of topiramate. The elimination profile of topiramate indicated that longer sampling times are necessary in future studies to more accurately determine the t1/2. Food effect studies indicated a slight reduction in the rate (approximately 10% decrease in mean Cmax and mean tmax approximately 2 hours later) but not the extent of absorption when topiramate was given with food. Topiramate demonstrates a number of favorable pharmacokinetic features, including linear and predictable dose-concentration relationships, excretion mainly as unchanged drug by the kidney, a dose-independent t1/2, low intersubject variability in pharmacokinetic parameters, and lack of clinically significant effect of food on bioavailability.

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Forty-five subjects with moderate to severe OSA not receiving positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment with body mass index of 30-40 kg/m(2).

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To assess the efficacy and safety of topiramate for the prevention of pediatric migraine with or without aura in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

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A number of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been confirmed as teratogens due to their association with an increased malformation rate. The majority of research to date does not find an association between prenatal exposure to monotherapy carbamazepine, lamotrigine or phenytoin and neurodevelopmental outcome in comparison to control children and noted higher abilities in comparison to children exposed to valproate; but further work is needed before conclusions can be drawn. Data for levetiracetam was limited to one study, as was the evidence for topiramate. Sodium valproate exposure appeared to carry a dose dependent risk to the developing brain, with evidence of reduced levels of IQ, poorer verbal abilities and increased rate of autistic spectrum disorder both in comparison to control children and children exposed to other AEDs. The severity of the neurodevelopmental deficits associated with prenatal exposure to valproate highlight the critical need to consider neurodevelopmental outcomes as a central aspect of teratological research.

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Several 'new' antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), i.e. oxcarbazepine, vigabatrin, lamotrigine, zonisamide, gabapentin, tiagabine, topiramate and levetiracetam have been introduced into clinical practice within the last decade. Most of these new drugs are at least as effective as the 'old' AEDs [phenytoin, phenobarbital (phenobarbitone), valproic acid (sodium valproate) and carbamazepine] and, in general, they seem to be better tolerated than the old drugs. The new AEDs might have less influence on cognitive functions but the aspect has not been systematically studied. Neuropsychological testing has been the major method of objectively examining cognitive function related to the use of AEDs but a number of methodological problems blur the results. Alteration of cognition might reflect a chronic adverse effect of AEDs but the negative effects of the drugs are only one of several factors that may influence cognition. In addition, subjective complaints about cognitive deficits (e.g. memory problems or attention) may also reflect other aspects of adverse effects than those concerning specific cognitive functions (e.g. mood and anxiety). This review focuses on studies of the cognitive effects of the new AEDs, and in particular on studies that compare cognitive effects of the old and new drugs. In general, the new AEDs seem to display no or minor negative cognitive effects. In studies in which new AEDs have been compared with old AEDs, there was a tendency in favour of the new AEDs in some of the studies.

topamax alcohol reviews

We searched PubMed for articles discussing the treatment and prognosis of MOH published between 2004 and August 2014. Titles, abstract and articles were reviewed systematically. The level of evidence provided by each study of the included articles was determined according to the American Academy of Neurology Clinical practice guideline manual. We discuss the level of evidence to support the early discontinuation/withdrawal of overused medications, the level of evidence to support the use of preventive treatment, the short- and long-term prognosis, and the outcome according to the class of drug overused in patients diagnosed with MOH.

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At 2 centers and over a period of 12 months we prospectively evaluated and treated a consecutive series of migraine patients. At baseline all were experiencing less than 15 headache days/month, and we treated all patients requiring prophylactic therapy with either TPM or DVP. We evaluated adherence, headache frequency (HF) and tolerability after 3 months of treatment. TPM treatment was initiated at 25 mg daily and increased every 10 days (25 mg) to a target of 150 mg/day (2 divided doses/day). Treatment with DVP was initiated at 250 mg daily and sequentially titrated up to 500 mg twice daily. All patients were naïve to the use of TPM and DVP.

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Latent variable analysis was used for the primary and secondary outcomes during weeks 6-12 and 1-12, adjusting for age, sex, and ethnicity.

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Advances in drug therapies for epilepsy have been remarkable, as well as surgical treatment including vagus nerve stimulation, the neuropsychological approach, and the new ketogenic diet. Over these past several years, four drugs (gabapentin, topiramate, lamotrigine, and levetiracetam) have been approved in Japan as new antiepileptic drugs and are expected to bring many benefits to patients. These new antiepileptic drugs have gained attention as leading candidates for "rational polytherapy". Furthermore, these drugs are very attractive to psychiatrists because of their effects on mood disorder, pain disorder, headaches, obesity, and other problems. Thus, the introduction of these new antiepileptic drugs is greatly welcomed in that the therapeutic options for patients are broadened. At this point, however, we should refrain from easy off-label drug use and should definitely comply with the recommended dosage regimens. In addition, several adverse effects require attention, such as severe rash or effects on cognitive function. Currently, the dominance in efficacy of these new drugs as compared with established antiepileptic drugs is not definite, and the issue of industry-sponsorship bias should be taken into consideration.

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Alcohol and nicotine dependence are commonly occurring disorders that together represent the most important preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. While there have been differences of opinion as to which disorder to treat first when they occur, there is growing evidence that a management strategy addressing both conditions contemporaneously would be optimal. Advances in the neurosciences have demonstrated not only that the reinforcing effects of both alcohol and nicotine are mediated by similar mechanisms resulting in enhanced activity of the cortico-mesolimbic dopamine system, but that their neurochemical interactions can lead to an aggregation of these effects. Despite this striking neurobiological overlap between alcohol and nicotine consumption, few studies have sought to take advantage of this commonality by devising a pharmacological approach that serves to treat both disorders. The results of our proof-of-concept study showed that topiramate is a promising medication for the treatment of both alcohol and nicotine dependence, presumably by its ability to modulate cortico-mesolimbic dopamine function profoundly; however, other mechanisms might also contribute to this effect. Further studies are ongoing to establish and extend topiramate's efficacy in the treatment of each and both disorders.

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HICs were examined 10 h after the 3rd daily alcohol (2.5 g/kg; 20% w/v)+4 methylpyrazole (4MP) (9 mg/kg) intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection with topiramate (0, 10 or 20 mg/kg ip) administered 30 min before testing. In the EPM, alcohol (1.75 g/kg; 20%, i.p.) or saline was administered daily for 9 days and subjects were immediately placed on the maze. Anxiety related behaviours included the amount of time spent and number of entries in the open or closed arms and grooming bouts, and conditioned behaviours including the stretched-attend posture were examined 24 h after the last day of alcohol injection.

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We compared persistence of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) including carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, gabapentin, lamotrigine, topiramate, valproic acid, and phenytoin in an Asian population with epilepsy.A retrospective cohort study was conducted by analyzing Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). Adult epilepsy patients newly prescribed with AEDs between 2005 and 2009 were included. The primary outcome was persistence, defined as the treatment duration from the date of AED initiation to the date of AED discontinuation, switching, hospitalization due to seizure or disenrollment from databases, whichever came first. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the risk of non-persistence with AEDs.Among the 13,061 new users of AED monotherapy (mean age: 58 years; 60% men), the persistence ranged from 218.8 (gabapentin) to 275.9 (oxcarbazepine) days in the first treatment year. The risks of non-persistence in patients receiving oxcarbazepine (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.78; 95% CI, 0.74-0.83), valproic acid (0.88; 0.85-0.92), lamotrigine (0.72; 0.65-0.81), and topiramate (0.90; 0.82-0.98) were significantly lower than in the carbamazepine group. Compared with carbamazepine users, the non-persistence risk was higher in phenytoin users (1.10; 1.06-1.13), while gabapentin users (1.03; 0.98-1.09) had similar risk. For risk of hospitalization due to seizure and in comparison with carbamazepine users, oxcarbazepine (0.66; 0.58-0.74) and lamotrigine (0.46; 0.35-0.62) users had lower risk, while phenytoin (1.35; 1.26-1.44) users had higher risk. The results remained consistent throughout series of sensitivity and stratification analyses.The persistence varied among AEDs and was better for oxcarbazepine, valproic acid, lamotrigine, and topiramate, but worse for phenytoin when compared with carbamazepine.

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We included 62 patients with non-parkinsonian tremor. The etiologies were as follows: essential tremor (54.8%), dystonic tremor (19.4%), tremor associated with dystonia (14.5%), enhanced physiological tremor (3.2%), cerebellar tremor (3.2%), psychogenic tremor (3.2%) and Holmes' tremor (1.6%). The characteristics of essential tremor patients were analyzed. Female patients accounted for 67.6% of patients. Mean age at the onset of tremor was 52.2 ± 16.4 years. Family history of tremor was reported in 17.6% of cases. Tremor affected the arms (94.1%), head (52.9%), voice (35.3%) and legs (8.8%). Tremor was bilateral in 87.5% but was asymmetrical in 50% of patients. Patients had postural tremor (76.5%), kinetic tremor (79.4%) and rest tremor (associated in 11.8%). Treatment relied on propranolol (88.3%), primidone (14.7%), gabapentin (14.7%), clonazepam (14.7%), alprazolam (11.8%), topiramate (5.9%) and, in one patient, radiosurgery.

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Nicotine administered acutely at subconvulsive dose of 4 mg/kg, significantly decreased the protective activity of valproate, carbamazepine, diphenylhydantoin, phenobarbital, topiramate and lamotrigine against maximal electroshock-induced tonic convulsions in mice. The obtained data may suggest that interaction between nicotine and antiepileptic drugs should be carefully considered as a cause of the therapeutic failure in epileptic patients.

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A total of 74 relevant studies were reviewed, 65 of which comprise small observational studies describing the ophthalmic side effects of TPM in 84 patients. Of these patients, 66 were affected by ciliochoroidal effusion syndrome as the cardinal ocular side effect of TPM (17 cases of myopic shift and 49 cases of angle closure glaucoma). A comprehensive statistical analysis is provided on these 66 subjects. Other rare side effects of TPM on the vision were also reviewed, including massive choroidal effusion, ocular inflammatory reactions, visual field defects, probable effects on retina, cornea, and sclera, and neuroophthalmologic complications. In addition, a framework is provided to classify these results.

topamax alcohol dependence

Topiramate-antipsychotic cotreatment significantly reduced total, positive, negative, and general psychopathology and weight/BMI in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder while being well tolerated. However, larger studies are needed to confirm and extend these findings.

topamax topiramate medication

Antiepileptic drugs have been reported to reduce the levels of serum immunoglobulins and affect the production and levels of certain cytokines. We investigated the effects of valproic acid (VPA) and topiramate (TPM) on the blood levels of interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α in children with idiopathic generalized and partial epilepsy.

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One hundred and seven patients (mean age 69 years, 53% men) were studied during 273 +/- 141 days. The average final dose in monotherapy was 98 mg/day vs 153 mg/day in adjunctive treatment. Mean monthly cumulative seizure frequency decreased from 3.7 +/- 15 to 1.6 +/- 7.7 (n = 101, P < 0.0001), 78% of patients with seizures at baseline (n = 102) achieved at least 50% reduction in seizure frequency, 44% were seizure-free throughout the trial. Total scores on the quality of life in epilepsy inventory (QOLIE-31) improved from 57 +/- 17 to 68 +/- 18 (n = 64, P < 0.0001). The most frequently reported adverse events included convulsions, dizziness and tiredness.

topamax alcohol abuse

The goal of this study was to report the effectiveness of topiramate in treating status epilepticus.

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Two weeks after commencing tablet Topiramate (Sulfamate derivative) for management of epilepsy, a patient developed bilateral acute angle closure secondary to cilio-choroidal effusion with lenticulo-corneal touches for which choroidal drainage was performed in 1 eye.

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To monitor weight regain after therapy discontinuation in patients with migraine experiencing weight loss during topiramate (TPM) treatment.

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Cognitive impairment is observed commonly in children with a history of infantile spasms (IS). The goal of this study was to prospectively examine the effect on cognitive outcome of a neuroprotective agent used as adjunctive therapy during treatment of the spasms.

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With transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), we evaluated which of the mechanisms of action of TPM detected in vitro are relevant for the modulation of human motor cortex excitability. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study design, we investigated the effect of single oral doses of 50 mg and 200 mg TPM on motor thresholds, cortical silent period (CSP), and on intracortical inhibition (ICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF) in 20 healthy subjects.

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The combined use of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and the ketogenic diet does not increase the risk of kidney stones. We recommend that all patients treated with combination therapy should be treated with increased hydration. Urine alkalinization should be considered for children with previous renal abnormalities, family histories of kidney stones, hematuria, or elevated urine calcium-to-creatinine ratios. If renal stones are found, we advocate discontinuation of the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor.

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Although caution is needed when results from a limited number of small clinical trials are assessed, no current evidence supports the clinical use of anticonvulsant medications in the treatment of patients with cocaine dependence. Although the findings of new trials will improve the quality of study results, especially in relation to specific medications, anticonvulsants as a category cannot be considered first-, second- or third-line treatment for cocaine dependence.

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topamax pill pictures 2016-04-12

These preliminary data suggest that adjunctive topiramate may reduce depressive symptom severity in acute bipolar depression. The antidepressant buy topamax efficacy of this compound requires confirmation via double-blind placebo controlled investigation.

topamax 100mg medication 2015-07-27

The persistence of psychotic, affective, cognitive, and psychosocial symptoms despite medications is commonly observed in schizophrenic patients. The present study was a 24-week double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial aimed to explore the efficacy of topiramate add-on pharmacotherapy on clinical symptomatology and cognitive functioning in a sample of treatment-resistant schizophrenic patients receiving clozapine. After clinical and cognitive assessments were randomly allocated to receive either up to 200 mg/day of topiramate or a placebo. A final sample of 43 patients completed the study. The results obtained indicate that topiramate appeared to be scarcely effective for reducing clinical symptomatology in schizophrenic patients who have had an incomplete clinical response to clozapine. Regarding cognitive functioning, in our sample a trend to experience cognitive impairment in the examined domains was observed, as the patients included in the topiramate groups expressed cognitive complaints partially confirmed by a mild worsening of performances on certain cognitive tasks. Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder with regard to pathophysiology; therefore, data reflecting the mean response of a sample of buy topamax patients may fail to reveal therapeutic effects. More research is needed to better identify subgroups of patients with peculiar features which may account for responsivity to experimental medications and augmentation strategies.

topamax medication uses 2015-06-06

We examined the role of PPAR gamma 2 and C/EBP alpha for adiponectin and buy topamax aP2 gene activation in C/EBP alpha(-/-) fibroblasts by stably expressing PPAR gamma 2 or C/EBP alpha. PPAR gamma 2, but not PPAR gamma 1, mRNA markedly increased during the differentiation to adipocytes in cells expressing C/EBP alpha. Both infected cell lines differentiated to an adipocyte phenotype and the mRNA for both aP2 and adiponectin increased in parallel. However, adiponectin mRNA was considerably higher when C/EBP alpha was present, suggesting that this transcription factor is important for full gene activation. Thiazolidinediones markedly activated the gene in PPAR gamma 2-expressing cells in the absence of C/EBP alpha, suggesting that the adiponectin promoter may have functional PPAR gamma-response elements. Several observations showed that the adiponectin and aP2 genes can be differentially regulated in adipocytes: (1) Topiramate, an anti-epileptic agent with weight-reducing properties, increased adiponectin mRNA levels and secretion, but did not, like the thiazolidinediones, increase aP2 expression; (2) IL-6 reduced adiponectin, but significantly increased, aP2 expression; and (3) TNFalpha inhibited adiponectin, but paradoxically increased, aP2 expression in PPAR gamma 2-infected C/EBP alpha null cells. These data show that activation of the adiponectin gene can be separated from effects on adipogenic genes.

topamax overdose 2015-09-11

  The primary outcome was buy topamax abstinence from methamphetamine during weeks 6-12. Secondary outcomes included use reduction versus baseline, as well as psychosocial variables.

topamax alcohol reviews 2015-01-10

To review the options for buy topamax acute and maintenance pharmacological treatment of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents, including the treatment of bipolar depression and comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

topamax alcohol addiction 2016-07-14

Topiramate, a new antiepileptic drug effective in controlling partial-onset seizures, was administered to humans for the first time as single oral doses of 100 mg, 200 mg, 400 mg, 800 mg, and 1,200 mg in a phase I safety and pharmacokinetic study. Model-independent pharmacokinetic data analysis was performed on plasma concentration and renal excretion data for topiramate. Maximum plasma concentrations (Cmax) were observed between 1.4 and 4.3 hours after administration. Mean values for plasma Cmax and area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) increased linearly with dose; however, a greater-than-proportional increase in both parameters was observed, probably due to saturable binding of the drug to erythrocytes. Mean oral clearance (Cl/F) was 22.5 to 36.1 mL/min and mean volume of distribution (Vd/F) was 38.5 to 58.0 L. Approximately 50% of the dose was excreted renally and cumulative urinary excretion increased linearly and proportionally over the 200 mg to 1,200 mg dose range. Elimination half-life (t1/2) values calculated from plasma (21.5 hrs) and urinary data (18.5 hrs) were consistent and independent of dose. Intersubject variability was low for all parameters. Renal clearance was 13.9 mL/min, suggesting that renal tubular reabsorption may be prominently involved in the buy topamax renal handling of topiramate. The elimination profile of topiramate indicated that longer sampling times are necessary in future studies to more accurately determine the t1/2. Food effect studies indicated a slight reduction in the rate (approximately 10% decrease in mean Cmax and mean tmax approximately 2 hours later) but not the extent of absorption when topiramate was given with food. Topiramate demonstrates a number of favorable pharmacokinetic features, including linear and predictable dose-concentration relationships, excretion mainly as unchanged drug by the kidney, a dose-independent t1/2, low intersubject variability in pharmacokinetic parameters, and lack of clinically significant effect of food on bioavailability.

topamax 20 mg 2015-02-09

Treatment algorithms for type 2 diabetes recommend weight loss buy topamax for disease management. The safety and efficacy of treatment with phentermine (PHEN)/topiramate (TPM) extended release (ER) plus lifestyle modification for weight loss and glycemic benefits were assessed in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 56-week studies of obese/overweight adults with type 2 diabetes.

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Intraocular pressures and anterior chamber depth were normalized after discontinuation of topiramate and initiation of antiglaucoma therapy. Two weeks later, visual acuities improved to 20/25 in the right eye and 20/40 in the left eye. B-scan ultrasound showed resolution of choroidal effusion. Topiramate, an oral sulpha-derivative medication is known to buy topamax cause ciliochoroidal effusions, which lead to forward rotation of the ciliary body and displacement of the lens-iris diaphragm, with resultant acute angle closure glaucoma and myopic shift.

topamax reviews 2017-07-16

Topiramate is a broad-spectrum antiepileptic drug effective for treatment of multiple seizure types in adults and children. Antiepileptic agents have demonstrated efficacy in migraine prevention, and open-label experience from our clinic has suggested that topiramate might be effective for this use. We consequently conducted a single-center, double-blind, buy topamax placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topiramate for the preventative treatment of migraine.

topamax generic name 2015-10-12

Fifty-four patients (40 females) with a mean age of 47.6 years (range 19-89) were included in the study. Mean +/- SD serum bicarbonate concentrations before and during topiramate therapy were 26.8 +/- 2.9 mEq/L (range 21-36) and 21.7 +/- 3.6 mEq/L (range 13-29), respectively, with a mean difference of 5. buy topamax 1 (95% CI 3.7 to 6.5; p < 0.001). Twenty-six patients (48%) had low serum bicarbonate concentrations while on topiramate, with a mean concentration of 18.8 mEq/L (range 13-21).

topamax generic 2015-03-19

A total of 399 seizures during the baseline phase and the dose maintenance phase were intensively analyzed. Intergroup comparison suggested that duration, N/24 h and buy topamax D/24 h of all seizures decreased more in the medium dosage group computing the reduction from baseline to the dose maintenance phase (P<0.05). There were statistically more significant reductions in the duration, intensity and N/24 h of ictal signs like hypermotoric movements, fumbling and vocalization in the medium dosage group (P<0.05).

topamax 600 mg 2017-09-15

A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, prospective study was conducted in adults with partial seizures. Lamotrigine or topiramate was introduced as buy topamax an adjunctive therapy to carbamazepine or phenytoin and titrated over 8 weeks to target doses. These drugs were maintained another 8 weeks (maintenance phase) without dosage changes. The primary endpoint was change from screening to the end of the maintenance phase in a combined analysis of standardized measures of cognition (Controlled Oral Word Association Task [COWA]; Stroop Color-Word Interference; Digit Cancellation; Lafayette Grooved Pegboard, dominant hand; Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, delayed recall; and Symbol-Digit Modalities test).

topamax y alcohol 2015-09-22

Tremor is a highly prevalent movement disorder that markedly reduces quality of life. The management of severe tremor is particularly challenging. Pharmacological treatment is available, but no real breakthrough has emerged recently. Propranolol and primidone are still the two most recommended agents, followed by topiramate. However, surgical treatments buy topamax for medically refractory tremors are expanding. Gamma knife (GK) thalamotomy is an option particularly suitable for patients who are not candidates for deep brain stimulation. Owing to the fact that it is a non-invasive procedure without craniotomy, GK radiosurgery has almost no contraindications. Since the late 1990s, more than 250 case reports and patient series have been published. Most of these studies show that unilateral GK thalamotomy is well tolerated and reduces tremor disability. A recent study with prospective blinded assessment has confirmed its safety, together with significant improvements in tremor scores and activities of daily living.

topamax maximum dosage 2017-12-09

32 children (19 males) with genetically confirmed DS treated at our center since 1999 were analyzed retrospectively. Data collected from patients' files included type of mutation, age at treatment initiation and treatment lag, overall seizure frequency and frequency Deltasone Generic Name of different seizure types, especially prolonged seizures and status epilepticus (SE). Efficacy and safety of the KD were evaluated. In addition, the effect on seizure count was compared with that of various AED regimen and the vagus nerve stimulation (VNS).

topamax alcohol abuse 2017-10-31

Topiramate is an effective drug for the prevention of migraine headaches. Though it Augmentin 125 Mg is generally well tolerated, it may be associated with a dose-related anorgasmia.

topamax pill 2016-04-28

Patients receiving topiramate, 100 or 200 mg/d, had significantly reduced mean monthly (28-day) migraine frequency (P = .008 and P < .001, respectively) compared with placebo, but not patients receiving topiramate, 50 mg/d (P = .48). Topiramate significantly improved mean MSQ Trileptal Oxcarbazepine Medication -RR domain scores (50 mg/d [P = .02], 100 mg/d [P< .001], and 200 mg/d [P < .001]) and mean MSQ-RP domain scores (50 mg/d [P = .007], 100 mg/d [P = .001], and 200 mg/d [P= .002]) vs placebo. Topiramate, 100 and 200 mg/d, significantly improved mean SF36-RP domain scores vs placebo (P = .02). Topiramate (all doses) improved SF36-VT domain scores, although not significantly vs placebo. Changes in prospectively designated domain scores were significantly correlated with changes in mean monthly migraine frequency (P < or = .001 [MSQ domains], P < or = .002 [SF-36 domains]).

topamax alcohol 2017-11-22

To compare the effectiveness of 2 novel antiepileptic drugs, topiramate and levetiracetam 35 Mg Anafranil , as a second line treatment for infantile spasm when oral steroids fail.

topamax cost 2016-02-18

Myocarditis that develops because of the drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a life-threatening disease. We report a case of Lasix 10 Mg DRESS-associated myocarditis with cardiac failure that required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for cardiovascular support.

topamax 50mg tab 2016-05-22

ISRCTN Depakote Reviews Bipolar registry identifier: ISRCTN15791118.

topamax medicine 2016-09-20

To review the literature on efficacy of third Singulair Medication Class generation anticonvulsants for treatment of bipolar disorder and provide clinical recommendations.

topamax alcohol cravings 2016-05-27

The study is a multicenter, randomized, observer-blinded, parallel-group clinical trial with VPA or TPM given as first-line add-on therapy to steady-state treatment with CBZ. TPM is introduced at 25 mg and increased with weekly 25mg/d increments to a minimum dosage of 200 mg/d. The target dosage ranges from 200 to 400 mg/d for TPM and is 1800 mg/d for VPA. The study evaluates cognitive function changes from baseline to end point (after 20 weeks of treatment) and during titration (after 8 weeks of treatment). The primary outcome measure is the difference between the treatments (TPM versus VPA) in change from baseline to end point and change from baseline to titration, using a 95% confidence interval approach.

topamax headache medicine 2016-02-26

Migraineurs treated with topiramate often experience adverse effects, such as paresthesia, fatigue, memory difficulty, or taste perversion. To investigate correlations between side effects and drug efficacy, we analyzed for these in 133 migraineurs treated with topiramate (100 mg/day). A 4-week baseline screening phase preceded a 4-week titration period and a 20-week maintenance phase. A total of 118 patients were evaluated at 3 months and 89 patients at 6 months. Patients who developed paresthesia (n = 73) showed lower headache days than those who did not (n = 60) (P = 0.026 at 3 months, P = 0.002 at 6 months), and had a higher responder rate (3 months, 57.5% and 6 months, 65.8%) than those who did not develop paresthesia (3 months, 38.3% and 6 months, 41.7%). Moreover, retrospective analysis of patients that dropped out showed no survival bias between paresthesia and headache improvement. Other adverse effects were not found to correlate with drug efficacy. This study suggests that the development of paresthesia predicts a favorable response to topiramate in migraine prophylaxis.

topamax medication 2015-04-11

Like other antiepileptic drugs, topiramate, used in polytherapy in patients with refractory epilepsy, may have consequences on cognitive functions. These changes may be related with the potentiating action of this drug at the level of neurotransmission system of gamma amino butyric acid (GABA), substance that has inhibitory properties in the fore regions of the brain.

topamax usual dosage 2017-03-17

We present a review of anticonvulsants with various mechanisms of action such as lamotrigine, gabapentin, topiramate, tiagabine, levetiracetam and zonisamide. We also review natural products, like riboflavin and magnesium, botulinum toxin A, a specific CGRP antagonist and the anti-asthma medication montelukast, with pathophysiological discussion.