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We performed a patient-level pooled analysis of adjudicated data from 7950 patients in 6 placebo-controlled trials comparing celecoxib with placebo for conditions other than arthritis with a planned follow-up of at least 3 years. Patients were administered celecoxib in 3 dose regimens: 400 mg QD, 200 mg BID, or 400 mg BID. From the pooled data, we calculated a hazard ratio for all dose regimens combined and individual hazard ratios for each dose regimen and examined whether celecoxib-related risk was associated with baseline cardiovascular risk. The primary end point was the combination of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, or thromboembolic event. With 16,070 patient-years of follow-up, the hazard ratio for the composite end point combining the tested doses was 1.6 (95% CI, 1.1 to 2.3). The risk, which increased with dose regimen (P=0.0005), was lowest for the 400-mg-QD dose (hazard ratio, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.6 to 2.0), intermediate for the 200-mg-BID dose (hazard ratio, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.1 to 3.1), and highest for the 400-mg-BID dose (hazard ratio, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.5 to 6.1). Patients at highest baseline risk demonstrated disproportionately greater risk of celecoxib-related adverse events (P for interaction=0.034).
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Western blotting, promoter assay, RT-PCR, and PGE2 immunoassay revealed that ATPgammaS induced expression of COX-2 and prostaglandin (PGE2) synthesis through the activation of p42/p44 MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase), p38 MAPK, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). These responses were attenuated by inhibitors of MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK1/2; U0126), p38 MAPK (SB202190), and NF-kappaB (helenalin), or by tranfection with dominant negative mutants of p42, p38, IkappaB kinase (IKK)alpha, and IKKbeta. Furthermore, the ATPgammaS-stimulated translocation of NF-kappaB into the nucleus and degradation of IkappaBalpha was blocked by U0126 and helenalin. In addition, the ATPgammaS-stimulated cPLA2 expression was inhibited by U0126, SB202190, helenalin, celecoxib (a selective COX-2 inhibitor), and PGE2 receptor antagonists (AH6809, GW627368X, and SC-19220). However, the inhibitory effect of celecoxib on cPLA2 expression was reversed by addition of exogenous PGE2.
The successful pain relief of the patient in this case indicates that treatment of pain that based on mechanism might be worth promoting. According to the etiology of pain, specific drugs or measures should be selected for the individual patient. This approach have certain advantages, such as timely pain relief, reduction of medical cost, and effective improvement of life quality of cancer patients.
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The participants in the noncelecoxib vs celecoxib groups had similar demographic characteristics: mean age, 59.6 vs 57.9 years; mean BMI, 23.3 vs 22.3; history of chronic pain or opioid use, 7 (14%) vs 6 (12%); and 94% of both groups were women. Postoperative pain scores were higher in the noncelecoxib vs celecoxib groups; mean (SD) overall pain score was 3.88 (2.20) vs 2.31 (2.36) (P < .001). The noncelecoxib group had a higher number of postoperative opioid doses than did the celecoxib group: 9.40 (4.30) vs 5.18 (4.58) (P < .05). The noncelecoxib group had a higher incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting: 12 (24%) vs 0 in the celecoxib group.
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Neuroblastoma cell cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs in combination with celecoxib was examined. In vivo, athymic rats carrying established SH-SY5Y xenografts were treated with celecoxib in combination with irinotecan, doxorubicin or etoposide, or with either drug alone. For prevention studies, rats received celecoxib in the diet, 250 to 2,500 ppm, from the time of tumor cell injection.
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It has been demonstrated that COX-2-selective inhibitor celecoxib shows synergy with oxaliplatin for suppressing tumor growth. However, the benefit of adding celecoxib to oxaliplatin-based regimen in human esophageal cancer is largely unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that celecoxib antagonized oxaliplatin-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis independent of COX-2 inhibition in human esophageal cancer cells. Celecoxib decreased cellular oxaliplatin accumulation and Pt-DNA adduction formation due to reduced drug influx. Celecoxib alone or combined with oxaliplatin substantially reduced the expression of organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2). To this end, OCT2 knockdown was sufficient to reduce oxaliplatin uptake, connecting OCT2 expression to oxaliplatin accumulation. Moreover, oxaliplatin combined with celecoxib also showed no beneficial effect when compared with monotherapy in esophageal cancer cell-xenografted nude mice. To conclude, our data provide evidence that the addition of celecoxib to oxaliplatin-containing regimens for patients with OCT2-expressing cancers should be cautious.
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The adjusted mean change (95% CI) in WOMAC pain was -185.7 (-200.3 to -171.1) (50.1% decrease) with CS+GH and -186.8 (-201.7 to -171.9) (50.2% decrease) with celecoxib, meeting the non-inferiority margin of -40: -1.11 (-22.0 to 19.8; p=0.92). All sensitivity analyses were consistent with that result. At 6 months, 79.7% of patients in the combination group and 79.2% in the celecoxib group fulfilled OMERACT-OARSI criteria. Both groups elicited a reduction >50% in the presence of joint swelling; a similar reduction was seen for effusion. No differences were observed for the other secondary outcomes. Adverse events were low and similarly distributed between groups.
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To investigate the clinical effect of total knee arthroplasty on patients with knee osteoarthritis combined with mild to moderate valgus knee deformity.
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The effect of celecoxib on renal tubular cells is largely unexplored. In Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, the effect of celecoxib on intracellular CaCa2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and proliferation was examined by using the Ca(2 +)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 and the viability detecting fluorescent dye tetrazolium, respectively. Celecoxib (> or =1 micro M) caused an increase of [CaCa2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner. Celecoxib-induced [CaCa2+]i increase was partly reduced by removal of extracellular CaCa2+. Celecoxib-induced CaCa2+ influx was independently suggested by MnCa2+ influx-induced fura-2 fluorescence quench. In Ca(2 +)-free medium, thapsigargin, an inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2 +)-ATPase, caused a monophasic [CaCa2+]i increase, after which celecoxib only induced a tiny [CaCa2+]i increase; conversely, pretreatment with celecoxib completely inhibited thapsigargin-induced [CaCa2+]i increases. U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, abolished ATP (but not celecoxib)-induced [CaCa2+]i increases. Overnight incubation with 1 or 10 micro M celecoxib decreased cell viability by 80% and 100%, respectively. These data indicate that celecoxib evokes a [CaCa2+]i increase in renal tubular cells by stimulating both extracellular CaCa2+ influx and intracellular CaCa2+ release and is highly toxic to renal tubular cells in vitro.
Cyclooxygenase (prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase or COX) enzyme represents a particularly attractive target in inflammation processes for the development of both therapeutic agents and imaging agents. This study was designed to develop new radioligands for imaging of inflammation using the biomedical imaging technique positron emission tomography (PET). Carbon-11 labeled celecoxib derivatives, [(11)C]methyl 2-(4-(5-p-tolyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenylsulfonamidooxy)acetate ([(11)C]6e), [(11)C]methyl 2-methyl-2-(4-(5-p-tolyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenylsulfonamidooxy)propanoate ([(11)C]6f), [(11)C]methyl 2-(4-(5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenylsulfonamidooxy)acetate ([(11)C]6g), and [(11)C]methyl 2-methyl-2-(4-(5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)phenylsulfonamidooxy)propanoate ([(11)C]6h), were prepared by O-[(11)C]methylation of their corresponding precursors using [(11)C]CH(3)OTf under basic condition and isolated by a simplified solid-phase extraction (SPE) method in 50-60% radiochemical yields based on [(11)C]CO(2) and decay corrected to end of bombardment (EOB). The overall synthesis time from EOB was 15-20 min, the radiochemical purity was >99%, and the specific activity at end of synthesis (EOS) was 111-185 GBq/micromol.
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Central nervous system dissemination is a relatively uncommon but almost always fatal complication in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients. Optimal therapy for central nervous involvement in this malignancy has not been established. In this paper, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of E7123, a celecoxib derivative that inhibits focal adhesion signaling, in a novel xenograft model of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with central nervous system involvement. Cells obtained after disaggregation of HT subcutaneous tumors (HT-SC cells) were intravenously injected in NOD/SCID mice. These mice received oral vehicle or 75 mg/kg of E7123 daily until they were euthanized for weight loss or signs of sickness. The antitumor effect of E7123 was validated in an independent experiment using a bioluminescent mouse model. Intravenously injected HT-SC cells showed higher take rate and higher central nervous system tropism (associated with increased expression of β1-integrin and p130Cas proteins) than HT cells. The oral administration of E7123 significantly increased survival time in 2 independent experiments using mice injected with unmodified or bioluminescent HT-SC cells. We have developed a new xenograft model of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with central nervous system involvement that can be used in the pre-clinical evaluation of new drugs for this malignancy. E7123 is a new, well-tolerated and orally available therapeutic agent that merits further investigation since it may improve current management of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients with central nervous system involvement.
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Four groups were used, a control, celecoxib (25 micromol/L celecoxib), irradiation (8 Gy X ray) and celecoxib plus irradiation. The radiosensitising effect was detected by clone formation experiment. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of cells. The expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax were assessed by immunocytochemistry. Western blot was used to examine the expression of Caspase-3.
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There is a mild but non-significant increase in bleeding complications in patients taking celecoxib and warfarin compared with those taking warfarin alone.
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Celecoxib ameliorated diarrhea, weight loss, and lethality and resulted in synergistic antitumor effect in the rat model. Twelve patients with advanced cancers were enrolled and evaluable for dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). Diarrhea was the cause for discontinuation in one. Grade 2 and 3 diarrhea occurred in three and two patients, respectively. One patient had DLT at dose level 2 (grade 3 diarrhea). Two had a DLT at DL3 (G3 emesis and myocardial infarct). Celecoxib had limited influence on the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan in this data set.
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There is a >95% probability that etoricoxib (30 or 60mg) shows the greatest improvement in pain and physical function of all interventions compared. ESs of etoricoxib 30mg relative to placebo, celecoxib 200mg, ibuprofen 2400mg, and diclofenac 150mg were -0.66 (95% Credible Interval -0.83; -0.49), -0.32 (-0.50; -0.14), -0.25 (-0.53; 0.03), and -0.17 (-0.41; 0.08), respectively. Regarding physical functioning, ESs of etoricoxib 30mg relative to placebo, celecoxib 200mg, ibuprofen 2400mg, and diclofenac 150mg were -0.61 (-0.76; -0.46), -0.27 (-0.43; -0.10), -0.20 (-0.47; 0.07), and -0.09 (- 0.33; 0.14) respectively. The greatest improvements in PGADS were expected with either etoricoxib or diclofenac.
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Patients aged≥65 years, with osteoarthritis and/or rheumatoid arthritis, at high gastrointestinal (GI) risk who participated in the CONDOR trial (Celecoxib vs. Omeprazole and Diclofenac in Patients With Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis) were included in this subanalysis. CONDOR was a 6-month prospective, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, multicenter, international study comparing treatment with celecoxib 200 mg twice daily (BID) versus diclofenac SR 75 mg BID plus omeprazole 20 mg daily.
A carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 184.108.40.206) denominated PgiCA, belonging to the γ-class, from the oral pathogenic bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis, the main causative agent of periodontitis, was investigated for its inhibition profile with sulfonamides and one sulfamate. Dichlorophenamide, topiramate and many simple aromatic/heterocyclic sulfonamides were ineffective as PgiCA inhibitors whereas the best inhibition was observed with halogenosulfanilamides incorporating heavy halogens, 4-hydroxy- and 4-hydroxyalkyl-benzenesulfonamides, acetazolamide, methazolamide, zonisamide, indisulam, celecoxib, saccharin and hydrochlorothiazide (KIs in the range of 131-380nM). The inhibition profile of PgiCA was very different from that of CAM, hCA I and II or the β-CA from a protozoan parasite (Leishmania donovani chagasii). Identification of potent and possibly selective inhibitors of PgiCA may lead to pharmacological tools useful for understanding the physiological role(s) of this enzyme.
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Celecoxib on the proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle and CD117 expression of K562 cells, and to explore its synergistic effect with IFN-alpha. K562 cells were treated with IFN-alpha, Celecoxib and combination of Celecoxib with IFN-alpha at different concentrations. The inhibitory effect of Celecoxib and IFN-alpha on cell proliferation was detected with MTT assay, the cell apoptosis, cell cycle and CD117 expression were determined by morphology observation and flow cytometry. The results showed that the Celecoxib inhibited proliferation of K562 cells in concentration-dependent manner (r=-0.91). After culture of K562 cells for 72 hours, the rates of K562 cell proliferation in control group, IFN-alpha group, Celecoxib group and IFN-alpha-combined Celecoxib group were (96.1+/-0.5)%, (90.2+/-0.4)%, (57.2+/-0.9)% and (21.9+/-0.3)% respectively. The cell apoptosis rates in 4 groups were (5.5+/-0.8)%, (6.3+/-0.6)%, (26.4+/-3.9)% and (57.3+/-4.5)% respectively. The CD117 expression rates in 4 groups were 54.7%, 10.5%, 36.3% and 7.3% respectively. Combination of Celecoxib with IFN-alpha might block K562 cells in G0/G1 phase. In conclusion, Celecoxib and IFN-alpha both may inhibit K562 cell proliferation, induce apoptosis, reduce CD117 expression and produce G0/G1 phase block to various degree and the two drugs have a synergistic effect.
The nanoparticles showed no inflammatory infiltrates 3 and 7 days post-intra-articular injection, proving their biocompatibility and suitability for intra-articular use. Free celecoxib underwent rapid clearance from the inflamed articular joints into the systemic circulation, while the celecoxib-loaded SLN were associated with significantly lower blood levels compared with free celecoxib. Free celecoxib was found to have been extensively distributed to organs of the reticuloendothelial system such as the liver, lungs and spleen. In contrast, celecoxib-loaded nanoparticles demonstrated significantly lower distribution to the reticuloendothelial organs. The articular concentrations of celecoxib-loaded nanoparticles in the inflamed joints were 16-fold higher at 4 hours post-injection and 15-fold higher at 24 hours post-injection than free celecoxib concentrations, indicating greater and prolonged retention in the inflamed articular joints.
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It appears that all therapeutic interventions reported in the identified publications led to at least some improvement of OHQoL. The only exception were patients with multiple TMJ surgeries.
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The effect of the combined therapy on human myometrial contractility presented in the study could be a base for further in vivo clinical trials.