Artane alters unusual nerve impulses and relaxes stiff muscles.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Trihexyphenidyl.
Artane is used to treat the stiffness, tremors, spasms, and poor muscle control of Parkinson's disease. It is also used to treat and prevent the same muscular conditions when they are caused by drugs such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin), perphenazine (Trilafon), haloperidol (Haldol), thiothixene (Navane), and others.
name of Artane is Trihexyphenidyl.
Artane is also known as Trihexyphenidyl, Triphen.
Brand name of Artane is Artane.
Take Artane by mouth before or after meals.
If Artane tends to dry your mouth excessively, it may be better to take it before meals, unless it causes nausea. If taken after meals, thirst can be improved by sucking hard sugarless candy, chewing gum, or drinking water.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Artane suddenly.
If you overdose Artane and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Artane are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Artane if you are allergic to Artane components.
Be very careful with Artane if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding.
Artane may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. Alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active. Heatstroke may occur.
Lab tests, including eye exams, may be performed while you use Artane. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
Avoid driving machine.
It can be dangerous to stop Artane taking suddenly.
artane 1 mg
This pilot study suggests a beneficial effect of amitriptyline on headache frequency and quality of life for patients with chronic drug-induced headache.
artane drug classification
Musicians' dystonia is a task-specific and painless loss of motor control in a previously well-executed task. It is increasingly recognized in the medical and musical community. Recent advances in neuroimaging, transcranial magnetic stimulation and novel techniques in electroencephalography have shed light on its underlying pathophysiology. To date, a deranged cortical plasticity leading to abnormal sensorimotor integration, combined with reduced inhibition across several levels of the motor pathway are likely mechanisms.This paper reviews the various phenomenology of musician's dystonia across keyboard, string, brass, flute and drum players. Treatment is often challenging. Medical therapies like botulinum toxin injection and rehabilitation method with sensorimotor training offer symptomatic relief and return to baseline performance to some musicians.
To study the influence of pharmacological pretreatment (PANPAL) and antidotal treatment (obidoxime plus atropine) on tabun-induced neurotoxicity, male albino rats were poisoned with a lethal dose of tabun (280 microg/kg i.m.; 100% of LD(50) value) and observed at 24 h and 7 days following tabun challenge. The neurotoxicity of tabun was evaluated using a functional observational battery (FOB) and an automatic measurement of motor activity. Pharmacological pretreatment as well as antidotal treatment were able to eliminate most of tabun-induced neurotoxic effects observed at 24 h following tabun poisoning. However, there was not significant difference between the efficacy of PANPAL and antidotal treatment to eliminate tabun-induced neurotoxicity in rats. The combination of PANPAL pretreatment and antidotal treatment seems to be slightly more effective in the elimination of tabun-induced neurotoxicity in rats at 24 h following tabun challenge in comparison with the administration of PANPAL pretreatment or antidotal treatment alone. At 7 days following tabun poisoning, very few neurotoxic signs in tabun-poisoned rats were observed regardless of administration of pharmacological pretreatment or antidotal treatment. Thus, our findings confirm that the combination of pharmacological pretreatment and antidotal treatment is not only able to protect the experimental animals from the lethal effects of tabun but also to eliminate most of tabun-induced signs of neurotoxicity in tabun-poisoned rats.
artane generic name
Parkinson's disease can present as a progressive hemiparesis without tremor. The presence of mild cogwheel rigidity in a hemiparetic patient may suggest the diagnosis, as may the normal findings on brain scan and electroencephalogram in a patient with gradually evolving hemiparesis. The response to appropriate medication has been prompt and excellent. It is important that Parkinson's disease be considered in the differential diagnosis of a progressively evolving hemiparesis.
artane pill sizes
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Its primary clinical symptoms are akinesia, tremor, and rigidity, which usually start from one side, resembling the lateralization in hemiparkinsonian rats having 6-hydroxydopamine-induced unilateral lesion of the medial forebrain bundle. A novel exploratory Y-maze was designed to detect the lateralization of hemiparkinsonian rats in terms of biased turns in the maze. Dopamine agonists levodopa (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine, 10-30 mg/kg) and apomorphine (0.1-0.3 mg/kg), but not methamphetamine (0.5-2 mg/kg), improved the lateralization in the rat model. However, high doses of the dopamine agonists, 30 and 0.3 mg/kg, respectively, caused small movements in the arms that seemed to parallel the increase in counts per turn in the Y-maze. Interestingly, the muscarinic antagonists trihexyphenidyl and scopolamine improved lateralization moderately, while increasing total turns, an index of locomotive activity. (-)-5-Methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) (0.3 mg/kg), an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor antagonist, increased total counts, but did not alleviate the lateralization. The alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist idazoxan (1 and 10 mg/kg) and 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo(f)quinoxaline (1 and 3 mg/kg), a non-NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist, did not affect any of the indices. These findings suggest that the clinical action of drugs on unbalanced movement in PD could be predicted by measuring their effects on lateralization of the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat model in this exploratory Y-maze.
artane and alcohol
92 PD outpatients were enrolled in, including 48 males and 44 females, from 43 to 86 years old (mean 65.6 +/- 17.1) with duration of the disease from 0.2 to 27.8 years (mean 4.4 +/- 9.4). The preference of the drug use from the patients were: 40 (43.5%) preferred taking levodopa, 25 (27.2%) with amantadine and/or trihexyphenidyl, 14 (15.2%) with levodopa and others, 4 (4.4%) with dopamine agonist and others, 2 (2.2%) with other drugs, 7 (7.6%) with no treatment. There were 69 (75.0%) patients onset with resting tremor, 15 (16.3%) with bradykinesia, 6 (6.5%) with rigidity, and 2 (2.2%) with unknown symptoms. There was no startically significant difference in anti-PD drugs among the patients onset with different symptoms (P > 0.05). 45 patients appeared the onset of disease before 65 years old and with no dementia, 47 onset after 65 with or without dementia. There was no significant difference of anti-PD drugs between the two groups (P > 0.05). Most patients initiated anti-PD treatment with levodopa but few of them chose dopamine agonist. According to the classification of Hoehn & Yahr, 25(27.2%)belonged to Grade I, 53 (57.6%) to Grade II, 8 (8.7%) to Grade III, 3 (3.3%) to Grade IV and 3 (3.3%) to Grade V. There was no significant differences of anti-PD drugs between different grades of the disease (P > 0.05). 55.3% of the patients changed their anti-PD drugs randomly during the therapy, but with no relation to their gender, age, educational level, dementia, the number of family members, course of diseases, or the degree of Hoehn & Yahr, frequency and categories of medicine.
Induction of bradykinesia by SM-9018, a novel 5-HT2 and D2 antagonist, was compared with that of other neuroleptics using the pole test in mice. Neuroleptics including SM-9018, haloperidol, chlorpromazine, and thioridazine dose dependently induced bradykinesia in the pole-descending behavior of mice with relative potencies consistent with those for catalepsy induction. SM-9018 was about 70 times weaker than haloperidol and twice as weak as thioridazine in inducing bradykinesia. Other CNS drugs such as barbiturates and antidepressants had no effects. Haloperidol-induced bradykinesia was significantly attenuated by a cholinergic muscarinic antagonist (i.e., trihexyphenidyl) and 5-HT2 antagonists (i.e., ritanserin and cyproheptadine) whereas that caused by SM-9018 was relatively resistant to the 5-HT2 antagonists. These findings suggest that SM-9018 is weaker than other neuroleptics in inducing extrapyramidal side effects and that the 5-HT2 blocking activity of SM-9018 may contribute to its atypical neuroleptic property.
artane medication classification
Antipsychotics are often used in conjunction with anti-Alzheimer drugs to treat the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Here, we examined the effects of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs), donepezil and galantamine, on antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) in mice. The effects of serotonergic agents on the EPS drug interaction were also evaluated. Donepezil (0.3-3 mg/kg) did not induce EPS signs by itself; however, it significantly potentiated bradykinesia induction with a low dose of haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg) in dose-dependent and synergistic manners. Galantamine (0.3-3 mg/kg) elicited mild bradykinesia at a high dose and dose-dependently augmented haloperidol-induced bradykinesia. The EPS potentiation by galantamine was blocked by trihexyphenidyl (a muscarinic antagonist), but not by mecamylamine (a nicotinic antagonist). In addition, the bradykinesia potentiation by galantamine was significantly reduced by (±)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetralin (a 5-HT1A agonist), ritanserin (a 5-HT2 antagonist), and SB-258585 (a 5-HT6 antagonist). The present results give us a caution for the antipsychotics and ChEIs interaction in inducing EPS in the treatment of BPSD. In addition, second generation antipsychotics, which can stimulate 5-HT1A receptors or antagonize 5-HT2 and 5-HT6 receptors, seem to be favorable as an adjunctive therapy for BPSD.
artane pediatric dose
Clinical studies have shown an association between long-term anticholinergic (AC) drug exposure and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, which has been primarily investigated in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, long-term AC exposure as a risk factor for developing neurodegenerative disorders and the exact mechanisms and potential for disease progression remain unclear. Here, we have addressed the issue using trihexyphenidyl (THP), a commonly used AC drug in PD patients, to determine if THP can accelerate AD-like neurodegenerative progression and study potential mechanisms involved.
artane 2mg tablet
The present study sought to determine if NDMC has discriminative stimulus properties similar to that of its parent drug CLZ.
parkinson drug artane
These findings show that a proportion of patients with apparent primary torsion dystonia and a good response to anticholinergic drugs have GCH1 mutations and therefore have a variant of dopa responsive dystonia. The difficulty in distinguishing clinically between patients with and without mutations underscores the importance of considering the diagnosis of a levodopa responsive dystonia in all such patients.
artane y alcohol
Two siblings who exhibited hereditary parkinsonism with pyramidal signs and cerebellar ataxia are reported. Anticholinergics had a dramatic beneficial effect in both cases, but levodopa did not. This responsiveness, which is similar to that reported in patients with Joseph's disease, suggests dysfunction of an "indirect pathway" involving the globus pallidus and the subthalamic nucleus, in addition to that of the nigrostriatal system. We propose a new hereditary variant of early onset Parkinson's disease distinct from the levodopa sensitive forms of juvenile Parkinson's disease.
1 The effect of pharmacological pretreatment (pyridostigmine, benactyzine and trihexyphenidyle), designated Panpal, and antidotal treatment (the oxime HI-6 plus benactyzine) in soman poisoning was investigated in a rat model with on-line monitoring of respiratory and circulatory parameters. 2 Soman poisoning caused a high decrease in respiratory rate as well as minute respiratory volume and an increase in mean arterial pressure from 30-120 min following soman challenge. Soman at sublethal dose also significantly inhibited acetylcholinesterase activity in diaphragm and various brain parts. 3 Panpal pretreatment as well as antidotal treatment were effective in improving the respiratory and circulatory function disturbed by soman without the ability to increase significantly soman-inhibited acetylcholinesterase activity in all brain parts studied. 4 The efficacy of combined Panpal pretreatment and antidotal treatment against sublethal soman poisoning was not different from the efficacy of Panpal pretreatment or antidotal treatment alone. 5 The results of this investigation suggest that Panpal pretreatment as well as antidotal treatment are able to restore respiratory and circulatory function in soman-poisoned rats without significant reactivation of brain acetylcholinesterase.
artane 5 mg
In this study we evaluated a cohort of 47 patients affected by dyskinetic cerebral palsy and treated with anticholinergic drug (trihexyphenidyl) over one year in order to verify the responsiveness of the new scale.
artane drug action
In this 12-week study of anticholinergic discontinuation in 20 outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, gradual decrease and discontinuation of anticholinergics led to a positive effect on cognition. There were no adverse consequences on general psychopathology and no significant differences for 18 of 20 subjects on movement disorders.
artane drug class
The effects of chronic oral treatment with low doses of caffeine (1-3 mg/kg) and trihexyphenidyl (0.1-0.2 mg/kg) were tested on hemiparkinsonian rats, which received the following treatments in a counterbalanced order: vehicle, caffeine, trihexyphenidyl, and caffeine plus trihexyphenidyl. Three preclinical models were used: the stepping test, the cylinder test, and the staircase test. Compared to pre-lesion values, the forepaw contralateral to the dopamine-denervated side showed impaired stepping, fewer wall contacts in the cylinder test, and fewer pellets retrieved in the staircase test. In the stepping test both doses of caffeine produced a complete recovery of motor function (100%), whereas the effect of trihexyphenidyl was less intense (77-80%). In this same test the maximal effect of drugs did not develop tolerance during 2-3 weeks, and was completely reversible after drug cessation. In the cylinder test only the wall contacts performed simultaneously with both forepaws were significantly increased by caffeine (3 mg/kg) and trihexyphenidyl (0.2 mg/kg), and this effect was also reversible. In the staircase test none of the treatments improved food pellet retrieval with the contralateral forepaw. Altogether, these results show that chronic treatment with caffeine, at doses similar to daily human consumption, produces a sustained improvement in the use of the contralateral forelimb in unilaterally 6-hydroxydopamine denervated rats, without the development of tolerance. Although the combined administration of caffeine plus trihexyphenidyl showed no synergism in these models, the results suggest that low doses of caffeine (1-3 mg/kg/day) could be of therapeutic value for the reversal of motor symptoms in parkinsonian patients.
artane drug information
Analysis of clinical database of patients with tic disorders.
Six cases of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (1 stage I, 3 stage II, 2 stage III) were diagnosed at our institution in the last 10 years. Five patients were treated with isoprinosine and the antiepileptic drug valproic acid. Three patients presented with myoclonic seizures refractory to valproic acid and the usual antiepileptic therapy. They received trihexyphenidyl with good results. We suggest the use of trihexyphenidyl in combination with isoprinosine in patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis with myoclonic seizures refractory to valproic acid.
artane 2 mg
Application of the findings in this study to patient care may permit selection of an appropriate initial maintenance dosage to achieve target haloperidol serum concentrations, thus enabling the clinician to achieve the desired therapeutic effect.
artane medication dystonia
Segmental craniocervical dystonia is characterized by blephalospasm and oromandibular dystonia and is also called Meige syndrome. The current treatment strategy including botulinum toxin (BTX) injections has not yet attained an acceptable level. We describe a long-term favorable response of a novel combination therapy with aripiprazole (ARP), trihexyphenidyl (THP), and BTX in three patients with segmental craniocervical dystonia. The symptoms of three patients responded promptly to the combination therapy with ARP 3-6 mg daily, THP 2-8 mg daily, and BTX. Although the patients were required to receive a BTX 50-100 IU injection every 3-6 months, their symptoms were kept in a satisfactory condition for up to 2 years without any adverse effects. ARP possesses the potential for dramatically improving dystonia. THP has the possibility to enhance the efficacy of ARP and prolong the effective period of BTX. It may be an important requisite to give all three agents together for a successful treatment. The combination therapy with ARP, THP, and BTX was well-tolerated and useful in controlling the symptoms of segmental craniocervical dystonia, however, the reason why this combination therapy succeeded is unknown. A further long-term follow-up is required to monitor the delayed neurological adverse effects.
artane 20 mg
We studied 15 older adults before and after the oral administration of a single dose of 1 or 2 mg of the preferential M1 muscarinic receptor antagonist trihexyphenidyl (Artane™) or placebo in a double-blind randomized cross-over design. Hippocampus and basal forebrain volumes were measured using magnetic resonance imaging.
|Target Point||Shipping Method||Tracking||Delivery Time||Price|
|Not trackable||14-21 business days||USD 20.00 per order|
|Trackable, where available||5-9 business days||USD 30.00 per order|
Delivery time is:
no signature is required on delivery.
EMS - 5-9 business days, prices - USD 30.00, signature is required on delivery.
Your order will be packed safe and secure and dispatched within 24 hours.
This is exactly how your parcel will look like (pictures of a real shipping item). It has a look of a regular private letter and does not disclose its contents. Size - 9.4x4.3x0.3 inches (24x11x0.7cm).